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Growing Garlic

Jan F M A M J J A S O N Dec
                P P    

(Best months for growing Garlic in USA - Zone 5a regions)

P = Plant cloves

  • Easy to grow. Plant cloves. Best planted at soil temperatures between 50°F and 95°F. (Show °C/cm)
  • Space plants: 4 - 5 inches apart
  • Harvest in 17-25 weeks.
  • Compatible with (can grow beside): Beets, Carrots, Cucumbers, Dill, Tomatoes, Parsnips
  • Avoid growing close to: Asparagus, Beans, Brassicas, Peas, Potatoes
  • Almost ready to harvest
  • Garlic cloves
  • Young garlic shoots

Garlic is traditionally planted in cold weather and harvested in summer ("plant on the shortest day, harvest on the longest"). Plant the cloves (separated from the bulb), point upwards, deep enough to just cover with soil. A fairly tough and easy-growing plant but in better soil with regular watering you will get a better crop. On poorer soil, and forgetting to water them, you will still get some garlic, only not quite so much, maybe just a single large bulb.

Leave a garlic to go to seed, and you will probably get plenty of self-sown plants the following year.

To keep for later use, dig up and leave to dry out for a day or so after the green shoots die down. To use immediately, pull up a head when you need it, or cut and use the green shoots.

Culinary hints - cooking and eating Garlic

Cut the growing shoots or use the entire young garlic plants as 'garlic greens' in stir-fry.

Your comments and tips

02 May 19, Lou (Australia - sub-tropical climate)
Hi this is my second year growing garlic. This years crop the above ground green is going yellow. Is there something I maybe lacking in fertiliser or lime. Thanks in advance Cheers Lou
12 May 19, David Warland (Australia - temperate climate)
Gday Lou, could be a few things, Nitrogen of course, but, it could well be magnesium, trace elements etc. Get a pH test done on you soil, garlic like most veggies like acidic soil, I aim for 6.5 in my garlic beds. Is your soil well draining ? Try some blood and bone and add some extra magnesuium Sulphate, (epsom salts).If your pH is too high, you must lower it, or risk poor or no crop.
07 May 19, (Australia - sub-tropical climate)
Probably lacks nitrogen
14 Apr 19, joe graham (Australia - temperate climate)
I see a question from Paul Riley temperate climate Australia regarding shot garlic. can someone tell me do you plant garlic with the green shoot sticking out of the soil or is ok to plant deeper Thanks for any advice in advance
12 May 19, ken gadischke (Australia - temperate climate)
garlic should not be planted after it starts to shoot. Only.plump cloves with no sign of a shoot should be planted. Mid May in temperate climes is the best time to plant.
16 Apr 19, Paul Riley (Australia - temperate climate)
G'day Joe, mine weren't shot when I planted them last week but I have a few up and would have thought the best way would be to have them proud. That's what they'll end up like anyway...
19 Mar 19, Patricia (Australia - cool/mountain climate)
My name is Patricia Could you please tell me where can I buy organic garlic to plant And at what time of the year I need to plant the garlic We have a lot of frost the winters here at Macclesfield Australia Are very cold Will wait for your reply
02 May 19, Ted (Australia - sub-tropical climate)
You can buy on line @ . They have all types and strains and most are in stock now ready to plant and the web site is very informative. Regards
26 Mar 19, Sally (Australia - temperate climate)
Hi, you can get organic garlic now from Green Harvest: greenharvest.com.au They also provide lots of information on growing.
22 Mar 19, Ruth (Australia - cool/mountain climate)
Dear Patricia, we live near the Barrington Tops National Park and get quite a bit of frost. we have been growing garlic organically for many year, always planting around eastertime , ours is a hardneck called Tasmanian Purple, here is a very helpful guide for all that is garlic https://www.australiangarlic.net.au/
Showing 1 - 10 of 601 comments

I live in Ponte Vedra (about 15 miles south of Jacksonville Beach). I grew a little bit of garlic last year in our raised garden bed. It didn't seem to have a lot of flavor. I see that you don't recommend garlic for zone 9B. Why is that?

- Becky

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This planting guide is a general reference intended for home gardeners. We recommend that you take into account your local conditions in making planting decisions. Gardenate is not a farming or commercial advisory service. For specific advice, please contact your local plant suppliers, gardening groups, or agricultural department. The information on this site is presented in good faith, but we take no responsibility as to the accuracy of the information provided.
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