Keep your garden growing - see what to plant right now

Growing Garlic

Jan F M A M J J A S O N Dec
  P P P                

(Best months for growing Garlic in South Africa - Dry summer sub-tropical regions)

P = Plant in the garden.

  • Easy to grow. Plant cloves. Best planted at soil temperatures between 10°C and 35°C. (Show °F/in)
  • Space plants: 10 - 12 cm apart
  • Harvest in 17-25 weeks.
  • Compatible with (can grow in same bed): Beets, Carrots, Cucumbers, Dill, Tomatoes, Parsnips
  • Avoid growing in same bed: Asparagus, Beans, Brassicas, Peas, Potatoes
  • Almost ready to harvest
    Almost ready to harvest
  • Garlic cloves
    Garlic cloves
  • Young garlic shoots
    Young garlic shoots

Garlic is traditionally planted in cold weather and harvest in summer ("plant on the shortest day, harvest on the longest"). Plant the cloves (separated from the bulb), point upwards, deep enough to just cover with soil. A fairly tough and easy-growing plant. On better soil with regular watering you will get a better crop. On poorer soil, and forgetting to water them, you will still get some garlic, only not quite so much.

Leave a garlic to go to seed, and you will probably get plenty of self-sown plants the following year.

To keep for later use, dig up and leave to dry out for a day or so after the green shoots die down. To use immediately, pull up a head when you need it, or cut and use the green shoots.

Culinary hints - cooking and eating Garlic

Cut the growing shoots or use the entire young garlic plants as 'garlic greens' in stirfry.

Your comments and tips

20 Sep 16, Maria (Australia - temperate climate)
Hi I am passionate of growing my own garlic ,this Year is my third Year of growing garlic, I started with a dozen now I have 300 ,I had Good crop last Year but this year I had a bit concern on my garlic, the cloves are splitting and sprouting and growing back, I dont know what to do ,shall I harvest immature or Live until they are mature which I have to wait for another 8 weeks.your advice would be much appreciated .Thank You .
12 Aug 16, Steve (Australia - temperate climate)
Hi RayShort answer - nope. Though there is a school of thought that phases of the moon does impact planting... plant anything that crops above ground during or just before full moon, the opposite for root crops. Think of the influence the moon has on the oceans (tides) and you're on the right track. Personally it's a little too far for me ( in every sense).
05 Aug 16, ray (Australia - tropical climate)
Is it true you must plant garlic during the time of a full moon, would be interested to hear any comment. Thanks in advance. Ray
25 Jul 16, Pam (South Africa - Semi-arid climate)
I am in gauteng - can I still plant garlic in July?
24 Aug 16, Shahn (South Africa - Summer rainfall climate)
It's not really worth the effort. They should grow, but will form very small bulbs.
26 Jun 16, kevin wang (South Africa - Semi-arid climate)
Our question is how to enlarge of cultivation?
13 Jun 16, Kobus Alberts (South Africa - Summer rainfall climate)
I'm unemployed and want to know if I can plant garlic and other herbs in my home garden for selling?
01 Oct 16, May (South Africa - Summer rainfall climate)
If you're planning to sell fresh produce at maybe a market or to restaurants, it would be better (faster) to start with veggies that mature faster, like lettuce and radishes. Garlic takes a long time to mature and they cannot be grown successfully for continued harvest throughout the year. I'd start with lettuce especially, because they can grow and produce for most of the year and restaurants use them daily... Also maybe basil, because it is a popular herb that is bought fresh frequently. When you have that going, you can start with tomatoes, which take a bit longer to harvest, but they are easy to propagate and always in demand. Plan properly and focus on something that is simple, quick and for which you have a market close to home, figure out how to do that well and produce enough to start generating income and you can build it up from there. Good luck! :)
07 Jun 16, Mandlate (South Africa - Summer rainfall climate)
I will like to grow garlic in Mozambique or Mpumalanga Nelspruit.
19 May 16, Soola Thoo (South Africa - Semi-arid climate)
I live in Ficksburg in the Free State and would like to grow a garlic garden. When is the best time for me to put into soil and is it advisable to get garlic from our grocery shop?
Showing 1 - 10 of 418 comments

Post a question, comment or tip about Garlic

Please provide your email address if you are hoping for a reply

All comments are reviewed before displaying on the site, so your posting will not appear immediately

Gardenate App

Buy the app for iPhone/iPod, iPad or Android and support Gardenate

Planting reminders

Join 30,000+ gardeners who rely on Gardenate. Subscribe to our free planting reminders email newsletter

Home | Vegetables and herbs to plant | Climate zones | About Gardenate | Contact us | Privacy Policy

This planting guide is a general reference intended for home gardeners. We recommend that you take into account your local conditions in making planting decisions. Gardenate is not a farming or commercial advisory service. For specific advice, please contact your local plant suppliers, gardening groups, or agricultural department. The information on this site is presented in good faith, but we take no responsibility as to the accuracy of the information provided.
We cannot help if you are overrun by giant slugs.