Keep your kitchen garden growing - see what to plant right now

Growing Garlic

Jan F M A M J J A S O N Dec
  P P P                

(Best months for growing Garlic in South Africa - Dry summer sub-tropical regions)

P = Plant in the garden.

  • Easy to grow. Plant cloves. Best planted at soil temperatures between 10°C and 35°C. (Show °F/in)
  • Space plants: 10 - 12 cm apart
  • Harvest in 17-25 weeks.
  • Compatible with (can grow in same bed): Beets, Carrots, Cucumbers, Dill, Tomatoes, Parsnips
  • Avoid growing in same bed: Asparagus, Beans, Brassicas, Peas, Potatoes
  • Almost ready to harvest
    Almost ready to harvest
  • Garlic cloves
    Garlic cloves
  • Young garlic shoots
    Young garlic shoots

Garlic is traditionally planted in cold weather and harvest in summer ("plant on the shortest day, harvest on the longest"). Plant the cloves (separated from the bulb), point upwards, deep enough to just cover with soil. A fairly tough and easy-growing plant. On better soil with regular watering you will get a better crop. On poorer soil, and forgetting to water them, you will still get some garlic, only not quite so much.

Leave a garlic to go to seed, and you will probably get plenty of self-sown plants the following year.

To keep for later use, dig up and leave to dry out for a day or so after the green shoots die down. To use immediately, pull up a head when you need it, or cut and use the green shoots.

Culinary hints - cooking and eating Garlic

Cut the growing shoots or use the entire young garlic plants as 'garlic greens' in stirfry.

Your comments and tips

17 Jun 15, Wendy (Australia - sub-tropical climate)
I was rod to leave in the ground/pot for 2 years before harvesting Is this correct
21 Jun 15, Brian (Australia - sub-tropical climate)
Wendy, Just wait until the tops die off and harvest. Leave them there and the bulbs will just multiply and shoot next year but be very small. If you want, just keep a couple of the bulbs to put back in. I just go to the local roadside market and get new bulbs starting to shoot and plant them each year. Got about 20 this year for $2.00
02 Jun 15, Thomas tan (Australia - sub-tropical climate)
What fertiliser is best for garlic
23 Apr 15, (South Africa - Summer rainfall climate)
21 Apr 15, july (South Africa - Semi-arid climate)
I would like to buy a garlic seeds or bulbs and how do I go about it?
13 Apr 15, frank (Australia - cool/mountain climate)
I believe that of the 100 or so types of garlic only a few are suitable for colder regions, Could you please advise which ones? Thank you.
29 Mar 15, faried (South Africa - Semi-arid climate)
I would like to start in northen cape kuruman very hot summer and harsh winnter. Would like to put them under shady net
29 Mar 15, Wessel Otto (South Africa - Summer rainfall climate)
Can you please give me a webpage, with every details about garlic, type of fertilizer very important. What about chicken compost, is it enough. Thanks
22 Mar 15, Joe Viscione (Australia - temperate climate)
how to prepare plot for garlic, and what firtelise is needed
03 Apr 15, Tony Grossetti (Australia - temperate climate)
Joe, good old fashion chicken manure or dynamic lifter is what I use. Spread on top of the soil where you intend to plant then turn over soil well and water in. Garlic will need a sunny spot to mature to large size. Do this a few weeks before planting. Plant garlic and water in well. Once the garlic starts to shoot use a soluable fertilizer every 2-3 weeks (maybe once a month in winter). Hope it works out for you.
Showing 1 - 10 of 364 comments

Post a question, comment or tip about Garlic

Please provide your email address if you are hoping for a reply

All comments are reviewed before displaying on the site, so your posting will not appear immediately

Gardenate App

Buy the app for iPhone/iPod, iPad or Android and support the Gardenate website!

Planting reminders

Join 30,000+ gardeners who rely on Gardenate. Subscribe to our free planting reminders email newsletter

Home | Vegetables and herbs to plant | Climate zones | About Gardenate | Contact us | Privacy Policy

This planting guide is a general reference intended for home gardeners. We recommend that you take into account your local conditions in making planting decisions. Gardenate is not a farming or commercial advisory service. For specific advice, please contact your local plant suppliers, gardening groups, or agricultural department. The information on this site is presented in good faith, but we take no responsibility as to the accuracy of the information provided.

Hutchinson Software Pty Ltd, Armidale, NSW, Australia