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Growing Garlic

Jan F M A M J J A S O N Dec
  P P P                

(Best months for growing Garlic in South Africa - Dry summer sub-tropical regions)

P = Plant in the garden.

  • Easy to grow. Plant cloves. Best planted at soil temperatures between 10°C and 35°C. (Show °F/in)
  • Space plants: 10 - 12 cm apart
  • Harvest in 17-25 weeks.
  • Compatible with (can grow beside): Beets, Carrots, Cucumbers, Dill, Tomatoes, Parsnips
  • Avoid growing close to: Asparagus, Beans, Brassicas, Peas, Potatoes
  • Almost ready to harvest
    Almost ready to harvest
  • Garlic cloves
    Garlic cloves
  • Young garlic shoots
    Young garlic shoots

Garlic is traditionally planted in cold weather and harvest in summer ("plant on the shortest day, harvest on the longest"). Plant the cloves (separated from the bulb), point upwards, deep enough to just cover with soil. A fairly tough and easy-growing plant. On better soil with regular watering you will get a better crop. On poorer soil, and forgetting to water them, you will still get some garlic, only not quite so much.

Leave a garlic to go to seed, and you will probably get plenty of self-sown plants the following year.

To keep for later use, dig up and leave to dry out for a day or so after the green shoots die down. To use immediately, pull up a head when you need it, or cut and use the green shoots.

Culinary hints - cooking and eating Garlic

Cut the growing shoots or use the entire young garlic plants as 'garlic greens' in stirfry.

Your comments and tips

24 Apr 17, Kobus (South Africa - Semi-arid climate)
I'm a blind person and want to plant garlic. I'm looking for as much info as possible on the cultivation of garlic, but it looks like I'm at a dead-end. I found an address on the web, but they just don't answer my mails. Where can I get information please?
25 Apr 17, John (Australia - temperate climate)
Garlic is not hard to grow. Get someone to read the information on garlic growing on this site. Click on 'vegetables & herbs and select 'garlic'. You can buy garlic cloves from fruit shops and nurseries at this time of the year. Make sure it is not imported as some imported garlic carries disease. Don't hesitate to contact us if you have any more questions, we are here to help.
21 Apr 17, Pillet (South Africa - Summer rainfall climate)
Can I get Garlic seedlings service provider in KZN .
21 Apr 17, Petros (South Africa - Semi-arid climate)
I want to start a small garlic farm . I'm staying at Highflats near IXOPO . My question is how long does it takes to be ready for market Second question my area is suitable to plant garlic? Thanks Petros. Please note - Gardenate is NOT intended for Farming questions. (Ed:)
17 Apr 17, Ingrid (South Africa - Humid sub-tropical climate)
Hi, I am in Knysna South Africa (not sure if I have chosen the right climate zone?). I would like to plant garlic asap and wonder if it is too early and whether it would suit a shady area in my veg garden?
20 Apr 17, John (Australia - temperate climate)
Garlic prefers cooler conditions so plant the clovves in April or May for haresting later in the year.
16 Apr 17, Lisa (South Africa - Summer rainfall climate)
I'm in fort Beaufort I want to plant garlic where can I get seedlings
17 Apr 17, John (Australia - temperate climate)
You can sometimes buy garlic seed online but it is easier to buy cloves from a nursery or garden centre and plant them as per this site. It is OK to buy it from fruit shops and supermarkets as long as it is not imported from Asia as there are diseases there that you do not want in your garlic.
09 Apr 17, Christo (South Africa - Summer rainfall climate)
I want to plant 6 hectares garlic in Swartruggens erea north west province under drip irrigation. Can I plant till end of April.
10 Apr 17, John (Australia - sub-tropical climate)
You could plant garlic into early may as well. It may be advisable to discuss your proposal with your local Agriculture Department so you can get the best yield from a venture of this size. They should also be able to advise you on water saving as well.
Showing 1 - 10 of 455 comments

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This planting guide is a general reference intended for home gardeners. We recommend that you take into account your local conditions in making planting decisions. Gardenate is not a farming or commercial advisory service. For specific advice, please contact your local plant suppliers, gardening groups, or agricultural department. The information on this site is presented in good faith, but we take no responsibility as to the accuracy of the information provided.
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