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Growing Garlic

Jan F M A M J J A S O N Dec
  P P P                

(Best months for growing Garlic in South Africa - Dry summer sub-tropical regions)

P = Plant in the garden.

  • Easy to grow. Plant cloves. Best planted at soil temperatures between 10°C and 35°C. (Show °F/in)
  • Space plants: 10 - 12 cm apart
  • Harvest in 17-25 weeks.
  • Compatible with (can grow in same bed): Beets, Carrots, Cucumbers, Dill, Tomatoes, Parsnips
  • Avoid growing in same bed: Asparagus, Beans, Brassicas, Peas, Potatoes
  • Almost ready to harvest
    Almost ready to harvest
  • Garlic cloves
    Garlic cloves
  • Young garlic shoots
    Young garlic shoots

Garlic is traditionally planted in cold weather and harvest in summer ("plant on the shortest day, harvest on the longest"). Plant the cloves (separated from the bulb), point upwards, deep enough to just cover with soil. A fairly tough and easy-growing plant. On better soil with regular watering you will get a better crop. On poorer soil, and forgetting to water them, you will still get some garlic, only not quite so much.

Leave a garlic to go to seed, and you will probably get plenty of self-sown plants the following year.

To keep for later use, dig up and leave to dry out for a day or so after the green shoots die down. To use immediately, pull up a head when you need it, or cut and use the green shoots.

Culinary hints - cooking and eating Garlic

Cut the growing shoots or use the entire young garlic plants as 'garlic greens' in stirfry.

Your comments and tips

19 May 16, Soola Thoo (South Africa - Semi-arid climate)
I live in Ficksburg in the Free State and would like to grow a garlic garden. When is the best time for me to put into soil and is it advisable to get garlic from our grocery shop?
18 May 16, tracey (South Africa - Humid sub-tropical climate)
I live in pe. Would garlic grow in beach sand or must i ude potting soil? when is best time to plant. I have some cloves with new shoots i would like to try and cultivate
09 May 16, Anna Lasiuk (Australia - temperate climate)
Hi ,is it ok to plant purple garlic in a pot? Also do I need to keep it protected from frost and what should I feed it? We live in South Hobart Tasmania and the soil is clay Thank you Anna
02 May 16, itireleng mosekiemang (South Africa - Semi-arid climate)
i am actually in Botswana. i am very much interested in farming by growing garlic. i am not sure if it is possible to grow it here. can someone give me ideas.
01 May 16, Glennis Leary (Australia - tropical climate)
Can I grow garlic in Kununurra WA and what variety ios most suitable. Thanks
26 Apr 16, Rosa (Australia - temperate climate)
I have not had much success with growing garlic, last year they when harvested most of them were rotten. So how much water does it need? If planted in the some rectangular bed with beans or peas how far should it be? Thanks
26 Apr 16, Vincent (South Africa - Humid sub-tropical climate)
Hi. Thanks for the information. I have grown garlic on raised beds, and the plants look fine. I want to know if they will withstand a tropical sun or I will have to shield them with a sunscreen. Plants are a month old, and the weather is on the shift from 5he rainy humid season to the dry and sunny season.
16 Apr 16, Jen (Australia - sub-tropical climate)
I would like to know which varieties of garlic are suitable to grow in Brisbane and where I could purchase them. Any advice would be really appreciated.
02 May 16, Brooke (Australia - sub-tropical climate)
Hi Jen, Elephant garlic will grow well. It is not as strong as the other smaller garlics, but you should find success. Be sure to mound up so you can ensure drainage and control water to them. Space 20cm apart in rich soil. Good luck
01 May 16, Grace (Australia - tropical climate)
Hi Jen, I am from Brisbane and have just planted my garlic. This will be my 3rd year. I bought some organic garlic from the Lawnton Market and kept some from previous years to grow again. I plant it late April/early May and harvest around late Sept/early Oct. I grew the white garlic variety as shown in picutre shown above.
Showing 1 - 10 of 408 comments

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This planting guide is a general reference intended for home gardeners. We recommend that you take into account your local conditions in making planting decisions. Gardenate is not a farming or commercial advisory service. For specific advice, please contact your local plant suppliers, gardening groups, or agricultural department. The information on this site is presented in good faith, but we take no responsibility as to the accuracy of the information provided.

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