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Growing Cucumber

(cucumis satavis)

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
P P             P P P P

(Best months for planting Cucumber in Australia - temperate regions)

P = Plant direct in garden where they are to grow.


September: Bring on in pots

  • Sow in garden. Sow seed at a depth approximately three times the diameter of the seed. Best planted at soil temperatures between 16°C and 35°C. (Show °F/in)
  • Space plants: 40 - 60 cm apart
  • Harvest in 8-10 weeks. Cut fruit off with scissors or sharp knife.
  • Compatible with (can grow in same bed): Nasturtiums, Beans, Celery, Lettuce, Sweet Corn, Cabbages, Sunflowers, Coriander, Fennel, Dill, Sunflowers
  • Avoid growing in same bed: Potato, Tomatoes
  • A young plant
  • Flower - female
  • Flower - male

Cucumbers can be started in small peat pots then transplanted when weather is suitable. A trailing plant which will grow tendrils as it gets bigger. Lebanese cucumbers are best picked about 10 -12 cm (4 - 5 in) and eaten whole. Gherkins are usually picked 5 or 6 cm (2 - 3 in) long and pickled. They have a prickly skin. Apple cucumbers are round with a pale, almost white, smooth skin.

Grow in full sun. Grow up a trellis or framework to save space and keep the fruit clean. Needs ties to support it at first. Water regularly and fertilise to encourage growth.

Culinary hints - cooking and eating Cucumber

Pick frequently before the fruit become too big.
Use raw in salads, peeled if preferred.


Your comments and tips

17 Apr 14, Colleen (Australia - sub-tropical climate)
I have three lebanese cucumber plants growing quite a few flowers but no cucumbers, also I noticed in the advice column that you suggest you don't grow tomatoes with cucumbers why is that, any suggestions about getting the cucumbers to set, cheers and thanks Colleen
04 Apr 14, margaret (Australia - temperate climate)
Ive recently grown some huge cuc's first time lucky! but was wondering if I could dry some of the seeds in them to replant? does it work like this, big cuc's have more big cuc's, or should I just get seedlings again from the shop? and how to dry the seeds?
02 Apr 14, merrilyn (Australia - arid climate)
i sprinkle epson salts with the seeds when i plant them
03 Apr 14, Michael (Australia - arid climate)
Yes, it's not actually salt but a naturally occurring pure mineral compound of magnesium and sulfate. Most plants need nutrients like magnesium and sulfur to stay in good health and Epsom salt makes the primary nutrients in most plant foods (nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium) more effective. Sprinkle Epsom salt once weekly to help nourish your houseplants, flowers and vegetables. www (dot)saltworks(dot)us/salt_info/epsom-uses-benefits(dot)asp
01 Apr 14, Anton (Australia - sub-tropical climate)
I live in Brisbane Qld. My cucumber & beet plants are being eaten up by small black ants, how can I prevent this.
30 Mar 14, Janette (Australia - temperate climate)
Why are my Lebanese cucumbers flowering, but no fruit setting?
23 Mar 14, wilma. McAllister (Australia - sub-tropical climate)
we are growing Lebanese cucumber they are about 5 inch long green and prickley I thought they would be like the ones in the shop that you buy.. And to me they look just like the green cucumber you buy.. Should we pick them before they get prickles..thank you
07 Mar 14, Emily (Australia - temperate climate)
I am growing lebanese cucumbers but they sre all the same lenght and im not sure how wide they need to be to harvest them? Thankyou:)
27 Feb 14, Bec Gram (Australia - temperate climate)
My Apple Cucumbers are getting out of control and have so many, any ideas on what to do with them as I have so many?? Any suggestions would be great
30 Mar 14, Jo A (Australia - sub-tropical climate)
There is a website called ripe near me and you can advertise you're excess crop with a price ( or for free) if you wish.
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This planting guide is a general reference intended for home gardeners. We recommend that you take into account your local conditions in making planting decisions. Gardenate is not a farming or commercial advisory service. For specific advice, please contact your local plant suppliers, gardening groups, or agricultural department. The information on this site is presented in good faith, but we take no responsibility as to the accuracy of the information provided.

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