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Growing Cucumber

(cucumis satavis)

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
P P             P P P P

(Best months for planting Cucumber in Australia - temperate regions)

P = Plant direct in garden where they are to grow.

September: Bring on in pots

  • Sow in garden. Sow seed at a depth approximately three times the diameter of the seed. Best planted at soil temperatures between 16°C and 35°C. (Show °F/in)
  • Space plants: 40 - 60 cm apart
  • Harvest in 8-10 weeks. Cut fruit off with scissors or sharp knife.
  • Compatible with (can grow in same bed): Nasturtiums, Beans, Celery, Lettuce, Sweet Corn, Cabbages, Sunflowers, Coriander, Fennel, Dill, Sunflowers
  • Avoid growing in same bed: Potato, Tomatoes
  • A young plant
  • Flower - female
  • Flower - male

Cucumbers can be started in small peat pots then transplanted when weather is suitable. A trailing plant which will grow tendrils as it gets bigger. Lebanese cucumbers are best picked about 10 -12 cm (4 - 5 in) and eaten whole. Gherkins are usually picked 5 or 6 cm (2 - 3 in) long and pickled. They have a prickly skin. Apple cucumbers are round with a pale, almost white, smooth skin.

Grow in full sun. Grow up a trellis or framework to save space and keep the fruit clean. Needs ties to support it at first. Water regularly and fertilise to encourage growth.

Culinary hints - cooking and eating Cucumber

Pick frequently before the fruit become too big.
Use raw in salads, peeled if preferred.

Your comments and tips

23 Mar 15, kate (Australia - temperate climate)
First time gardener , planted cucumber were growing nicely one day next day all leaves are eaten look awful black spots on underneath of the leaves - what is it and can I save what I have left ?
30 Jan 15, Priscilla (Australia - temperate climate)
My cucumbers are light green in colour, huge, and odd shaped. some of the stems were prickly is that right.
27 Jan 15, andy. (Australia - sub-tropical climate)
Ihave some apple cucumbers growing.Some plants have a good crop others have none at all.What is going on?
25 Jan 15, Kerry (Australia - temperate climate)
I planted a couple of cucumber plants. I had never done this before. Next thing I know these pumpkin looking plants popped up. (Had no idea what they were. Thought I had been given wrong plants in my punnet. ). Now I have heaps of apple cumbers but the leaves on the plants look different. One darker than the other. The darker plant is providing no fruit, the other is very generous. Should I keep the plant with the darker leaves or discard
20 Jan 15, Don ride (Australia - temperate climate)
When should these be picked.When do you know they are ripe How long will they keep My plants seem to be bearing lots
17 Jan 15, Summer (Australia - sub-tropical climate)
. Press a male and female flower together (still attached to the plant) so the male dust and female dust mixes. This is how you make cucumbers
06 Jan 15, Caitlin (Australia - arid climate)
I have my veggie garden at home it is full with lettuce, tomato, corn, capsicum, cucumber and beans. My cucumber plant was getting bigger and was starting to kill my other plants so I decided to replant it when it had cucumbers on it. Now they are dying but it is hot so what can I do?? Was it the right thing to do ??
04 Jan 15, Karl (Australia - temperate climate)
Never water your cucumbers at evening as that's what causes the mildew on leaves. You don't need to spray with anything just eliminate the cause don't treat the symptom. Water between 5 and 9 in the morning when their nutrient uptake is at its best.
03 Jan 15, pete (Australia - temperate climate)
I have tried to grow apple cucumbers for 3 years now without success i live in south brisbane is it the climate that is the problem they look great full of flowers but no fruit
09 Jan 15, (Australia - sub-tropical climate)
Hi, ours were the same, plenty of male flowers, then the female flowers (they have a very small cucumber at the base of the flower) came and then the cucumbers came. If they have female flowers already but no cucumber they may not be getting pollinated. I planted basil to attract the bees to my veggie patch. Hope this helps.
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This planting guide is a general reference intended for home gardeners. We recommend that you take into account your local conditions in making planting decisions. Gardenate is not a farming or commercial advisory service. For specific advice, please contact your local plant suppliers, gardening groups, or agricultural department. The information on this site is presented in good faith, but we take no responsibility as to the accuracy of the information provided.

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