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Growing Capsicum, also Bell peppers, Sweet peppers

(Capsicum annuum)

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
              S S T T T

(Best months for planting Capsicum in Australia - temperate regions)

S = Plant undercover in seed trays. T = Plant out (transplant) seedlings.

August: Sow in pots

  • Grow in seed trays, and plant out in 4-6 weeks. Sow seed at a depth approximately three times the diameter of the seed. Best planted at soil temperatures between 18°C and 35°C. (Show °F/in)
  • Space plants: 20 - 50 cm apart
  • Harvest in 10-12 weeks. Cut fruit off with sharp knife.
  • Compatible with (can grow in same bed): Egg plant (Aubergine), Nasturtiums, Basil, Parsley, Amaranth
  • 'Banana' capsicum
  • A yellow capsicum

Small bushy plant about 40cm high The seeds are reluctant to start germinating if temperatures drop at night. These are best sown in small trays in a warm, sheltered place: a small greenhouse if possible. Then plant out when about 10 -12cm (4-5in) tall.

They are from the same family as chilli but are not hot and spicy. The seeds are bitter.

Capsicums are frost tender and need warmth to ripen the fruit to the brilliant reds and yellows of commercial ones. They can be used green but are not as sweet.

There are a number of colours available, chocolate, black, yellow, orange as well as red. They all start off green and change as they ripen.

In cool, wet weather cover with a cloche or frost fleece.

Culinary hints - cooking and eating Capsicum

Can be sliced and seeded and used raw in salads.
Will freeze successfully without blanching if seeded and sliced.

Or brush with olive oil, roast at a high temperature until the skin changes colour
then put in a covered dish until cool and rub off the skin and remove seeds.

Your comments and tips

16 Apr 14, dr anju pal (Australia - sub-tropical climate)
What is the methodology for capsicum cutting for generating new plants.
11 Apr 14, Ruve Campbell (New Zealand - sub-tropical climate)
Will the same plant produce again next season.
13 Mar 14, Bec D (Australia - sub-tropical climate)
I am having the same issue!! I have a few bell capsicums and a long sweet capsicum, the long ones are growing very fast but the others are smaller than a golf ball and not growing past that!
08 Mar 14, ROBIN Glover (Australia - sub-tropical climate)
I was given capsicum plants which were ready to plant out. They didn't grow any bigger than a foot high and only produced very small fruit. They were supposed to be a big plant with big fruit. I have them in a raised bed which was prepared with cow manure, hay and shredded paper with good soil. This is the second time I have tried to grow them. What could be the problem. Can anyone help me. Robin.
23 Mar 14, Rod (Australia - sub-tropical climate)
G,day Robin i have found if i plant my capsicum and chile plants in pots around 20cm for one plant a larger pot will take two,mix a good fertilizer in for starters and a drink of liquid fertilizer weekly keep them moist i dont put a tray underneath just sit them on the dirt the bonus being you get the garden worms in your pots hope it works for you.
14 Feb 14, colin gardner (Australia - temperate climate)
what is the life span of a capsican plant? if it is more than one season what would i have to do to get it ready for the next season
08 Feb 14, Bronwyn (Australia - temperate climate)
Is it possible for green capsicums to ripen off the plant?
26 Jan 14, Reg Wade (Australia - temperate climate)
l live in WAHGUNYAH (NEAR COROWA) and l would like to know is it to late to plant capsicum?
26 Jan 14, Esmeralda (Australia - cool/mountain climate)
in ACT - should I rip up my capsicums or will they survive the winter?
19 Jan 14, Marc Bouw (Australia - temperate climate)
Planted my capsicum a few weeks ago, they are doing well. Should I nip of the new flower buds to let them establish, if so, how long should I wait before I let produce? Thanks
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This planting guide is a general reference intended for home gardeners. We recommend that you take into account your local conditions in making planting decisions. Gardenate is not a farming or commercial advisory service. For specific advice, please contact your local plant suppliers, gardening groups, or agricultural department. The information on this site is presented in good faith, but we take no responsibility as to the accuracy of the information provided.

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