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Growing Capsicum, also Bell peppers, Sweet peppers

Jan F M A M J J A S O N Dec
              S S T T T

(Best months for growing Capsicum in Australia - temperate regions)

S = Plant undercover in seed trays. T = Plant out (transplant) seedlings.

August: Sow in pots

  • Grow in seed trays, and plant out in 4-6 weeks. Sow seed at a depth approximately three times the diameter of the seed. Best planted at soil temperatures between 18°C and 35°C. (Show °F/in)
  • Space plants: 20 - 50 cm apart
  • Harvest in 10-12 weeks. Cut fruit off with sharp knife.
  • Compatible with (can grow in same bed): Egg plant (Aubergine), Nasturtiums, Basil, Parsley, Amaranth
  • 'Banana' capsicum
    'Banana' capsicum
  • A yellow capsicum
    A yellow capsicum

Small bushy plant about 40cm high The seeds are reluctant to start germinating if temperatures drop at night. These are best sown in small trays in a warm, sheltered place: a small greenhouse if possible. Then plant out when about 10 -12cm (4-5in) tall.

They are from the same family as chilli but are not hot and spicy. The seeds are bitter.

Capsicums are frost tender and need warmth to ripen the fruit to the brilliant reds and yellows of commercial ones. They can be used green but are not as sweet.

There are a number of colours available, chocolate, black, yellow, orange as well as red. They all start off green and change as they ripen.

In cool, wet weather cover with a cloche or frost fleece.

Culinary hints - cooking and eating Capsicum

Can be sliced and seeded and used raw in salads.
Will freeze successfully without blanching if seeded and sliced.

Or brush with olive oil, roast at a high temperature until the skin changes colour
then put in a covered dish until cool and rub off the skin and remove seeds.

Your comments and tips

05 Dec 16, Julie (Australia - sub-tropical climate)
I picked my first capsicum they looked fine on the outside but when i cut them they were full of small maggots what should i do.
29 Oct 16, Vanessa (Australia - temperate climate)
Can i plant capsicum seeds direct in the garden bed now that its a bit warmer?
20 Oct 16, Michelle Kidd (Australia - temperate climate)
Hi, I've tried growing capsicum over the last few years but they are always bitter. How do we sweeten them up please? Cheers, Michelle.
07 Oct 16, Jen (Australia - sub-tropical climate)
Hello! I'm new to gardening and excited to start a small vege garden along my fence line in a raised garden bed. I'm wanting to plant lettuce, capsicum, cherry tomatoes, basil, rosemary, silverbeet, zucchini, cucumbers and maybe strawberries. Any tips on what to/not to plant adjacent to each other would be greatly appreciated. Also, should I be adding anything to the soil (a mix of dry sandy soil and some potting mix) before I plant seedlings? Thankyou in anticipation! Jen
10 Oct 16, (Australia - sub-tropical climate)
HI Jen, I'm not an expert, but I've been growing some veggies with various success/failure over the last 4 years in Brisbane. I think most of the plants your putting in like it moist (not soaking) with nutritious soil. Some of your plants will take full sun, but your lettuce may struggle in the jan feb sun. Seedlings are best protected a bit from the ravage of mid day sun, you might want to shade them a bit until they have established themselves. Also, some plants just seem to work better in various garden settings. If I could work out why, i'd be on gardening Australia!! ;-) If something doesn't work in your bed, keep trying with something else. Last year I literally threw in a couple of sweet potatoes onto a large area of unkempt soil. To my surprise they took and grew massive amounts of lovely potatoes. I didn't even try to do anything. Its a good idea to mulch around your plants, to keep moisture in. Good luck .
27 Oct 16, Jen (Australia - sub-tropical climate)
Thankyou so much for your reply! Some great tips there.
24 Sep 16, Linda Hope 337gmail. com.au (Australia - tropical climate)
What is the best fertiliser for warm qld climate
31 Jul 16, Robyn (Australia - temperate climate)
Just planting lots of different capsicum in next few days - seedlings. Previously have had lot of bugs attack them...after all Port Macquarie is bug central so would appreciate any hints - will put them near the parsley and basil that might help? Don't like sprays or poisons. Hope you can help thanks.
19 Jul 16, Julie moffitt (Australia - temperate climate)
I live at airline beach and i have so much trouble growing capsicum
05 Jul 16, vidhi (Australia - temperate climate)
Is there any chemical that change capsicum colour?
Showing 1 - 10 of 317 comments

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This planting guide is a general reference intended for home gardeners. We recommend that you take into account your local conditions in making planting decisions. Gardenate is not a farming or commercial advisory service. For specific advice, please contact your local plant suppliers, gardening groups, or agricultural department. The information on this site is presented in good faith, but we take no responsibility as to the accuracy of the information provided.
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