Growing Sweet corn, also corn,maize

Zea mays, var. rugosa : Poaceae / the grass family

Jan F M A M J J A S O N Dec
        P P            

(Best months for growing Sweet corn in USA - Zone 5a regions)

  • P = Sow seed
  • Sow in garden. Sow seed at a depth approximately three times the diameter of the seed. Best planted at soil temperatures between 61°F and 95°F. (Show °C/cm)
  • Space plants: 8 - 12 inches apart
  • Harvest in 11-14 weeks.
  • Compatible with (can grow beside): All beans, cucumber, melons, peas, pumpkin, squash, amaranth
  • Avoid growing close to: Celery.
  • A seedling
  • A young corn plant
  • Feathery cobs on side of stem. Male flowers at top.

Plant in 4 by 4 blocks to encourage germination Pick when the silky threads on the cobs turn brown or black. Part the top of the leaves and test for ripeness by pressing a grain with your fingernail. If it is milky, it is ready.

Early varieties ripen quickly and are sweeter when just picked.

Avoid planting coloured maize ( for drying) near sweetcorn as they will cross-pollinate and spoil the cobs on both.

Culinary hints - cooking and eating Sweet corn

Pick and cook within an hour. Remove the silks and outer leaves.
Best flavour if microwave about 4 minutes per cob.
Can be barbequed wrapped in foil
Cook large amounts in a stock pot until test soft.
Sprinkle with black pepper and dip in butter.

Your comments and tips

10 Jan 23, Wessel Naude (South Africa - Summer rainfall climate)
Hi there.Can i still sow sweetcorn in January
31 Dec 22, William (USA - Zone 7a climate)
What is the recommended type sweet corn to grow in zone 7a?
05 Jan 23, Anonymous (USA - Zone 5a climate)
More about finding a variety you like. Some corns are starchy and some really sweet.
30 Dec 22, Mark (New Zealand - temperate climate)
We were hit with terrible and unexpected hail last week and because of this some corn plants have tassels early due to the stress. I keep reading everywhere why it’s happened, but NOT what to do next. Anyone experienced this before? Should I leave, pull them up etc?
05 Jan 23, Anonymous (New Zealand - sub-tropical climate)
Depends whether they can pollinate the corn ear.
20 Nov 22, Pam Thies (USA - Zone 9b climate)
Zone 9b can corn be started in ghse. and transplanted into outside raised bed?
04 Dec 22, (USA - Zone 9a climate)
Transfer when about 6' high.
10 Sep 22, Wayne McClelland (New Zealand - temperate climate)
Q1. Is Corn a Vegetable or Fruit ? To confuse the issue further, Berries have their seeds on the outside, Fruit has the seed on the inside. Q2. I ask this question for the distribution of NPK in the plots. I have Roots (N), Fruit (K), and Leaf (P), the garden has been farrow now for about 3 years so should be pretty good Kind regards Wayne McClelland
14 Sep 22, Anonymous (New Zealand - cool/mountain climate)
Q1 Botanist call it a fruit. - Q 2 Very basically - N is for leaf production/plant growth - P is for root development and K is for flowering and fruit. Each of these help the plant grow in many ways. Google and learn more about how plants grow. Leaving soil fallow for 3 years does not make it fertile. You need to add manures compost fertilisers etc to make soil fertile and do this 1-2 mths before planting crops.
19 May 22, Mike (USA - Zone 9a climate)
How much 33-0-0 Nitrate should I use on my sweet corn per 100 ft of row? My rows are pretty big, so I would say the corn is at least 2 feet apart from row to row. That said should I plant at the bottom of the rows, or closer to the plants? Thanks.
Showing 1 - 10 of 395 comments

Names of sweet corn grown in Goleta CA. Zone 9b, please. Thank you!!!

- Pamela Newman

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This planting guide is a general reference intended for home gardeners. We recommend that you take into account your local conditions in making planting decisions. Gardenate is not a farming or commercial advisory service. For specific advice, please contact your local plant suppliers, gardening groups, or agricultural department. The information on this site is presented in good faith, but we take no responsibility as to the accuracy of the information provided.
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