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Growing Garlic

Jan F M A M J J A S O N Dec
                P P    

(Best months for growing Garlic in USA - Zone 5a regions)

P = Plant cloves

  • Easy to grow. Plant cloves. Best planted at soil temperatures between 50°F and 95°F. (Show °C/cm)
  • Space plants: 4 - 5 inches apart
  • Harvest in 17-25 weeks.
  • Compatible with (can grow beside): Beets, Carrots, Cucumbers, Dill, Tomatoes, Parsnips
  • Avoid growing close to: Asparagus, Beans, Brassicas, Peas, Potatoes
  • Almost ready to harvest
    Almost ready to harvest
  • Garlic cloves
    Garlic cloves
  • Young garlic shoots
    Young garlic shoots

Garlic is traditionally planted in cold weather and harvest in summer ("plant on the shortest day, harvest on the longest"). Plant the cloves (separated from the bulb), point upwards, deep enough to just cover with soil. A fairly tough and easy-growing plant. On better soil with regular watering you will get a better crop. On poorer soil, and forgetting to water them, you will still get some garlic, only not quite so much.

Leave a garlic to go to seed, and you will probably get plenty of self-sown plants the following year.

To keep for later use, dig up and leave to dry out for a day or so after the green shoots die down. To use immediately, pull up a head when you need it, or cut and use the green shoots.

Culinary hints - cooking and eating Garlic

Cut the growing shoots or use the entire young garlic plants as 'garlic greens' in stirfry.

Your comments and tips

24 Apr 18, Daniel Barresi (Australia - cool/mountain climate)
Has anyone used a weedecide such as roundup prior to garlic emerging?
07 Apr 18, danie van niekerk (South Africa - Semi-arid climate)
What fertilizer can I use to grow garlic. I use very old manure and 323 fertilizer.
20 Mar 18, tessa (Australia - temperate climate)
Silly question really. Can we eat russian garlic. A friend gave me some and am wondering if it is edible
20 Mar 18, Lisa (Australia - cool/mountain climate)
Yes, they are edible. They have a milder flavour than most garlic. If you have plenty you can eat the stems like leeks too. Don't pull them, just cut at ground level and they will regrow.
06 Mar 18, Pamela Honey (Australia - temperate climate)
When do we plant garlic in Moree NSW 2400
07 Mar 18, Liz (New Zealand - temperate climate)
Read through the information and comments on the Garlic page - Click on the Vegetables and Herbs tab and then Garlic. Set the zone to Temperate Australia at the top of the page.
24 Feb 18, Leonie (Australia - sub-tropical climate)
Have just discovered your website, wow, it's fantastic!
08 Feb 18, Hermien (South Africa - Semi-arid climate)
Can I plant in Nort West.
17 Jan 18, Monika (Australia - sub-tropical climate)
Hi when it the best time to plant garlic in Qld in a sub-tropical climate .
19 Jan 18, Mike (Australia - sub-tropical climate)
This site is a self help site. It is for people to look up when how and why to plant vegetables in the their part of the world and their climate zone. Go to the home page and work it out. Go to vegetables - select the crop - select climate zone and read. It is all there.
Showing 1 - 10 of 532 comments

Hi firsttimegardner. Garlic planted in July should grow ok. It apparently grows best with a few weeks cold to get it started. If you're planting it into spring you could pop it in the fridge (not freezer) for a couple of nights to arrange some chilling. These planting dates are a general guide and prompt to action, certainly not hard and fast rules.

- Chris

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This planting guide is a general reference intended for home gardeners. We recommend that you take into account your local conditions in making planting decisions. Gardenate is not a farming or commercial advisory service. For specific advice, please contact your local plant suppliers, gardening groups, or agricultural department. The information on this site is presented in good faith, but we take no responsibility as to the accuracy of the information provided.
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