Growing Garlic

Jan F M A M J J A S O N Dec
                P P    

(Best months for growing Garlic in USA - Zone 5a regions)

P = Plant cloves

September: Garlic can overwinter. Cover with a good layer of mulch . In areas where frost persists into March/ April, expect to harvest your garlic in June/July.

October: Garlic can overwinter. Cover with a good layer of mulch . In areas where frost persists into March/ April, expect to harvest your garlic in June/July.

  • Easy to grow. Plant cloves. Best planted at soil temperatures between 50°F and 95°F. (Show °C/cm)
  • Space plants: 4 - 5 inches apart
  • Harvest in 17-25 weeks.
  • Compatible with (can grow beside): Beets, Carrots, Cucumbers, Dill, Tomatoes, Parsnips
  • Avoid growing close to: Asparagus, Beans, Brassicas, Peas, Potatoes
  • Almost ready to harvest
  • Garlic cloves
  • Young garlic shoots

Garlic is traditionally planted in cold weather and harvested in summer ("plant on the shortest day, harvest on the longest"). Plant the cloves (separated from the bulb), point upwards, deep enough to just cover with soil. A fairly tough and easy-growing plant but in better soil with regular watering you will get a better crop. On poorer soil, and forgetting to water them, you will still get some garlic, only not quite so much, maybe just a single large bulb.

Leave a garlic to go to seed, and you will probably get plenty of self-sown plants the following year.

To keep for later use, dig up and leave to dry out for a day or so after the green shoots die down. To use immediately, pull up a head when you need it, or cut and use the green shoots.

Culinary hints - cooking and eating Garlic

Cut the growing shoots or use the entire young garlic plants as 'garlic greens' in stir-fry.

Your comments and tips

03 Jul 22, Rhonda Bowen (USA - Zone 6b climate)
Just to clarify what I think I understand…. If I buy one bulb of garlic and break it apart into individual cloves, I plant each clove and expect to get a growing bulb. Am I one the right track here?
05 Jul 22, (USA - Zone 4a climate)
Yes one clove will then grow and produce a new clump of cloves.
28 Jun 22, Geoffrey Page (Australia - temperate climate)
Can you grow garlic up in the northern Territory
15 Jun 22, steven witzer (USA - Zone 6b climate)
Can I grow music garlic in zone 6b, and what if I am sent the garlic too early?
17 Jun 22, Anonymous (USA - Zone 9b climate)
Check the planting times here for garlic.
27 May 22, David doodwin (USA - Zone 9a climate)
when do I plant garlic and onions
30 May 22, Liz (New Zealand - temperate climate)
Change the zone at the top of the page to USA -9a (If that is correct for you) - then find onions in the Vegetables and Herbs tab. Do the same for Garlic. You will get an idea of suitable planting times in your zone.
13 May 22, CJ (Canada - Zone 5b Temperate Warm Summer climate)
HELLO THERE PLEASE HELP I WANT TO PLANT TOMATOES, CUCUMBERS, LETTUCE, HOT PEPPERS , BELL PEPPERS, GARLIC & ONIONS. I LIVE IN OSHAWA NORTH ONTARIO IN A CONDO SO CAN ONLY PLANT IN CONTAINERS. I HOPE YOU WILL BE ABLE TO HELP - THANK YOU
13 May 22, Janice (South Africa - Semi-arid climate)
Good day I started planting garlic in April 2022,when do I harvesf
18 May 22, anonymous (South Africa - Summer rainfall climate)
About 5-6 months time
Showing 1 - 10 of 776 comments

The guide says Sept - Oct planting - if that isn't your Spring then it won't grow.

- Anonymous

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This planting guide is a general reference intended for home gardeners. We recommend that you take into account your local conditions in making planting decisions. Gardenate is not a farming or commercial advisory service. For specific advice, please contact your local plant suppliers, gardening groups, or agricultural department. The information on this site is presented in good faith, but we take no responsibility as to the accuracy of the information provided.
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