Growing Chilli peppers, also Hot peppers

Capsicum sp. : Solanaceae / the nightshade family

Jan F M A M J J A S O N Dec
        T T            
        P P            

(Best months for growing Chilli peppers in USA - Zone 5a regions)

  • S = Plant undercover in seed trays
  • T = Plant out (transplant) seedlings
  • P = Sow seed
  • Grow in seed trays, and plant out in 4-6 weeks. Sow seed at a depth approximately three times the diameter of the seed. Best planted at soil temperatures between 64°F and 95°F. (Show °C/cm)
  • Space plants: 16 - 20 inches apart
  • Harvest in 9-11 weeks. Wear gloves to pick 'hot' chillies.
  • Compatible with (can grow beside): Best grown in a separate bed as chillies need plenty of light and air circulation.
  • Chilli harvest
  • Small, hot, chilli

Small bushy plants. Dark green ovate leaves.

Chilli need warm frost free weather, so protect with glass or plastic covers if planting outside in cooler areas.

Most varieties need a long growing period to produce many fruit.

There are many types of chilli. Some are more fiery than others. As a general rule, the smaller the pod the hotter the taste.

Culinary hints - cooking and eating Chilli peppers

Chillies freeze very well. Wash, dry, and free whole. Use them direct from the freezer (no need to defrost).
Wear plastic gloves or wash your hands thoroughly after handling and cutting to avoid accidentally rubbing chilli juice onto your mouth or eyes!

Your comments and tips

21 Dec 23, Johannes Mojela (South Africa - Semi-arid climate)
Hello I want to plant chillies for mike comission butI have 500.s/m can you please please advise me what time must I start to plant
02 Jan 24, (South Africa - Summer rainfall climate)
Check the planting guide for your climate zone.
15 Dec 23, Babe Sedile (South Africa - Semi-arid climate)
I want to start to grow chilies and I wanted to know the type that of soil that is perfect for it and the type of area that will be good for it see
21 Dec 23, (South Africa - Semi-arid climate)
Just have good rich loose soil, Soil that has had some manures and compost added to it. Some general fertiliser.
19 Sep 23, Henry steenkamp (South Africa - Summer rainfall climate)
Staying on the east coast of East London south Africa. Can I sow chillie seed now. And the soil composition please advice. Kind regards Jossie
28 Sep 23, Anonymous (South Africa - Summer rainfall climate)
Yes plant now - just good fertile soil. Good crumbly soil.
11 Mar 23, Luis O. (USA - Zone 9a climate)
Will Habaneros or Ghost Peppers grow in Zone 9a?
21 Mar 23, Anonymous (USA - Zone 9a climate)
Check the planting guide.
14 Dec 22, (South Africa - Humid sub-tropical climate)
Hi there, can I plant my fresh chilli seeds, which has dried out in the fridge, directly in soil? Thanks in advance
22 Dec 22, (South Africa - Summer rainfall climate)
Showing 1 - 10 of 425 comments

Can I bottom water superhot peppers, (reapers, ghosts, scorpions) through grow bags? Will doing this cause my 7 gallon grow bags to rot out? Will the water even reach my plants in a container this size? Thank you for your help!

- Thomas Perry

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This planting guide is a general reference intended for home gardeners. We recommend that you take into account your local conditions in making planting decisions. Gardenate is not a farming or commercial advisory service. For specific advice, please contact your local plant suppliers, gardening groups, or agricultural department. The information on this site is presented in good faith, but we take no responsibility as to the accuracy of the information provided.
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