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Growing Cabbage

Jan F M A M J J A S O N Dec
    S P     P P P      

(Best months for growing Cabbage in USA - Zone 5a regions)

S = Plant undercover in seed trays P = Sow seed

  • Easy to grow. Grow in seed trays, and plant out in 4 weeks. Sow seed at a depth approximately three times the diameter of the seed. Best planted at soil temperatures between 41°F and 64°F. (Show °C/cm)
  • Space plants: 20 - 30 inches apart
  • Harvest in 11-15 weeks.
  • Compatible with (can grow beside): Dwarf (bush) beans, beets, celery, cucumber, onions, marigold, nasturtium, rhubarb, aromatic herbs (sage, dill, chamomile, thyme)
  • Avoid growing close to: Climbing (pole) beans, tomato, peppers (chili, capsicum), eggplant (aubergine), strawberry, mustard, parsnip
  • Winter cabbage

There are many varieties of cabbage.

Those which stand winter weather usually have darker leaves and a stronger flavour, e.g. Savoy Red cabbage is grown in a similar way to green varieties.

If you choose a selection of types you can have cabbage growing all year round in temperate zones.

Culinary hints - cooking and eating Cabbage

Young spring cabbage can be chopped and added to salad greens.
Steaming preserves the goodness and flavour of cabbage.
Can also be used in stir-fry.
Red cabbage chopped and cooked with brown sugar, red wine, onions, vinegar and stock is served with boiled bacon or pork.

Your comments and tips

25 Jan 19, Micahael (South Africa - Semi-arid climate)
Good day. I have planted cabbage last year in January 2018. Instead of the veg growing into a big bulb (ball like shape) on the ground, it grew upright on a stock. Looking on pictures i can see that it is supposed to grow like a big ball on the ground and not vertically up. What is the reason for that or did does it has to do with the type of seed i bought from the store, as there a different name on the seed packages. Thanks
15 Dec 18, Doreen (Australia - temperate climate)
Is there anywhere in Australia where I can buy spring cabbage or the seeds
17 Dec 18, Mike (Australia - sub-tropical climate)
Never heard of them - looks like a sugar loaf cabbage. Look up some seed selling companies.
27 Nov 18, Biki Baraedi (South Africa - Semi-arid climate)
Best summer rain cabbage variety that I can grow in Botswana
31 Oct 18, Siyabulela Phanle (South Africa - Dry summer sub-tropical climate)
Good morning I would like to be advised my aim is to plant cabbages Potatoes and Spinach but I'm am not quiet sure about the suitable time for them or good season to plant them please help. regards Phandle
31 Oct 18, Liz (New Zealand - temperate climate)
Use the Vegetables and Herbs tab to find the vegetables, then set your zone at the top of the page - e.g (South Africa- Dry summer sub-tropical climate) . The months for planting are shown in the little coloured boxes at the top. e.g. P for plant or sow seed
25 Oct 18, Jen (Australia - tropical climate)
Hi, Steve, I have cabbages and caulis together. Thanks for saying that they are not compatible. I need to separate them then.
23 Aug 18, Adam (South Africa - Semi-arid climate)
Hi! Can you please provide us with contacts of those who can help blacks emerging farmers. Planting cabbages is not an issue but market it is. If companies like tiger brand can come on board to help us we can be like those who are in cash crops farming knowing where to supply. Thank you (Gardenate is NOT a farming advisory service, so this is a one-off posting)
29 Jul 18, Kagiso (South Africa - Semi-arid climate)
My farming area is in the lowveld southern Limpopo area and wanted to plant cabbages in this August September months. I will solely depend on borehole irrigation. My region is hot in summer and my soil is red loam and I used chemical fertilizer to enrich. Is this the right time?
20 Jun 18, Steve from Kanahooka NSW (Australia - temperate climate)
Hi Mike, Very interesting tips, I will try the worm castings in the shade cloth, sounds good. I also use brown gum leaves as a mulch around the plants, the garden worms love it, I also dig my browns into the soil after crops have finished as well, same as you. The reason I purchased a 2 compartment compost bin was to have varying compost NPK ratios. My compartment No.1 has 50% Browns to 50% Greens which is good for above ground growth and compartment No.2 will have approx. 80% Browns to 20% Greens for my below ground root vegies, I alter percentages all year round to suit the plants I am growing. In the winter I grow brassicas and I use 70% Greens to 30% Browns for more Nitrogen. I also pile my grass clippings on the gardens in the summer when I have excess clippings. BR...….Steve
Showing 1 - 10 of 145 comments

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This planting guide is a general reference intended for home gardeners. We recommend that you take into account your local conditions in making planting decisions. Gardenate is not a farming or commercial advisory service. For specific advice, please contact your local plant suppliers, gardening groups, or agricultural department. The information on this site is presented in good faith, but we take no responsibility as to the accuracy of the information provided.
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