Growing Cabbage

Jan F M A M J J A S O N Dec
    S P     P P P      

(Best months for growing Cabbage in USA - Zone 5a regions)

S = Plant undercover in seed trays P = Sow seed

  • Easy to grow. Grow in seed trays, and plant out in 4 weeks. Sow seed at a depth approximately three times the diameter of the seed. Best planted at soil temperatures between 41°F and 64°F. (Show °C/cm)
  • Space plants: 20 - 30 inches apart
  • Harvest in 11-15 weeks.
  • Compatible with (can grow beside): Dwarf (bush) beans, beets, celery, cucumber, onions, marigold, nasturtium, rhubarb, aromatic herbs (sage, dill, chamomile, thyme)
  • Avoid growing close to: Climbing (pole) beans, tomato, peppers (chili, capsicum), eggplant (aubergine), strawberry, mustard, parsnip
  • Cabbage
  • Winter cabbage

There are many varieties of cabbage.

Those which stand winter weather usually have darker leaves and a stronger flavour, e.g. Savoy Red cabbage is grown in a similar way to green varieties.

If you choose a selection of types you can have cabbage growing all year round in temperate zones.

Culinary hints - cooking and eating Cabbage

Young spring cabbage can be chopped and added to salad greens.
Steaming preserves the goodness and flavour of cabbage.
Can also be used in stir-fry.
Red cabbage chopped and cooked with brown sugar, red wine, onions, vinegar and stock is served with boiled bacon or pork.

Your comments and tips

05 Jun 20, Helen Prince Bailey (USA - Zone 7a climate)
Cabbage question... Should we cut the bottom leaves? Especially if it is dying (yellow or just shriveling)? Thanks!
20 Apr 20, Kaye moore (Australia - sub-tropical climate)
What do u spray cabbages with to keep grubs out
01 May 20, Michael (Australia - temperate climate)
You can make organic spray from garlic or mix olive oil with water and add a squirt of liquid soap. Lots of ways to do it , just search online for some others using chilli or neem oil. Goodluck!
21 Apr 20, (Australia - sub-tropical climate)
Look on the internet for 1. chemical sprays at Bunnings or nurseries or 2. if you want organic, look for one of them. You can buy some organic ones or make then up yourself.
23 Apr 20, Gozer DeLino (Australia - temperate climate)
You can use "Take Down" from Monterey. It is a Pyrethrin based organic spray.
02 Mar 20, Anele (South Africa - Semi-arid climate)
How to plant cabbage in year round production
02 Mar 20, anon (South Africa - Semi-arid climate)
In semi arid you can't by the guide here,. If you really want to try ,buy a very good shade house and try.
23 Feb 20, Rsshied (South Africa - Semi-arid climate)
Good day. I am growing cabbages,i planted it from the tray that i got form Stodels. I planted it in 1 December 2019 and its heads are looking very small. What should i feed the cabbages with. Thank you.
24 Feb 20, Another gardener (South Africa - Summer rainfall climate)
If planted 1st DEC then they are about 12 weeks old. It says 11-15 weeks. It would depend what kind of cabbage you planted. A small kind or large variety. I grew red cabbage that are suppose to grow to 2-3kg but only grew to the size of small rock melon. You need some nitrogen fertiliser. N is for leaf growth, P for root development and K is for flowering and fruit growth. You should apply these before you plant generally. Too much N and you will have too much leaf. A handful of general fertiliser will cover about 1 square meter. Or place about 2 tablespoons of general fertiliser in 9 l of water and let it sit for a few hours, give a good stir and apply to the plants. It may be a bit late to do too much with your cabbage. Give it a go though.
06 Jan 20, Ian (New Zealand - temperate climate)
I have used, for the first time, garden domes from the ware house. At last I don't have to spray for white butterfly. The domes let nothing in due to the mesh size. Bees can get in but find it hard to get out. So I now have four of these domes. Snails, birds, you name it. Nothing can get in.
Showing 1 - 10 of 173 comments

Ask a question or post a comment or advice about Cabbage

Please provide your email address if you are hoping for a reply


All comments are reviewed before displaying on the site, so your posting will not appear immediately

Gardenate App

Put Gardenate in your pocket. Get our app for iPhone, iPad or Android to add your own plants and record your plantings and harvests

Planting Reminders

Join our 60,000+ gardeners who already use Gardenate and subscribe to the free Gardenate planting reminders email newsletter.


Home | Vegetables and herbs to plant | Climate zones | About Gardenate | Contact us | Privacy Policy

This planting guide is a general reference intended for home gardeners. We recommend that you take into account your local conditions in making planting decisions. Gardenate is not a farming or commercial advisory service. For specific advice, please contact your local plant suppliers, gardening groups, or agricultural department. The information on this site is presented in good faith, but we take no responsibility as to the accuracy of the information provided.
We cannot help if you are overrun by giant slugs.