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Growing Asparagus

Jan F M A M J J A S O N Dec
    S   T              

(Best months for growing Asparagus in USA - Zone 5a regions)

S = Plant undercover in seed trays T = Plant out (transplant) seedlings

  • Easy to grow. Plant as crowns. Best planted at soil temperatures between 61°F and 86°F. (Show °C/cm)
  • Space plants: 8 - 16 inches apart
  • Harvest in 2-3 years. Plant 'crowns' to harvest earlier .
  • Compatible with (can grow beside): Parsley, Basil, Nasturtiums, Lettuce
  • Avoid growing close to: Garlic, Onions, and root vegetables
  • Seedlings (approx 6cm/3in)

Plant crowns (roots) 20-40cm apart and a few cm (1 inch) deep in well manured soil. The asparagus shoots grow in spring. Harvest the shoots which are bigger than 1-2cm/half-inch in diameter. Leave the rest to grow into the leafy ferns (1.5m/5-6ft tall) which will feed the crowns to give a crop next year. In autumn the ferns will be covered in bright red poisonous berries. Leave the ferns to die down in autumn, then trim off the dead stalks and pile on plenty of rotted manure/compost to give the roots plenty of food to produce new stems in spring.

Harvest by cutting off the stalk, close to the ground. From the third year you can get an additional crop by letting the first lot of ferns grow, then bending down the stalks to break them. A second crop of shoots will grow and can be harvested. Leave subsequent shoots to grow on to ferns. Asparagus does not like continuously wet and warm soil. It grows better where there is a cool or frosty season.

Culinary hints - cooking and eating Asparagus

Steaming is traditional, then coating with melted butter or hollandaise sauce.
Alternatively break in short lengths, and cook quickly in hot oil in a wok and sprinkle with soy sauce or balsamic vinegar.

NOTE: The asparagus berries are poisonous. Only the young shoots are edible.

Your comments and tips

11 Oct 18, Robert Koch (New Zealand - cool/mountain climate)
In north central Indiana, USA, I usually trim them back after the first frost, and add mulch through the winter. Is there anything else I can do to enhance my crop next year? Bob Koch
12 Oct 18, Mike (Australia - sub-tropical climate)
I have been growing for 3 years and done a bit of research. I don't have frosts. August is the end of winter here. Temps start rising from 6-10 to 12-15 by end Sept at night. Days go from 20-25 to 24-28. I cut mine 1st week of Aug and apply compost and horse manure. The manure is new but I'm going to try and decompose it before hand next year. I also apply some fertiliser once it starts to shoot spears. 3-4 teaspoons to 9l of water.
08 Sep 18, Sarah Hardin (USA - Zone 9b climate)
When do you cut the plants back ? They do not die in my garden. I need to know when to cut them down. Thanks. Sarah
29 Aug 18, Victor Makumire (South Africa - Summer rainfall climate)
Where can I get Asparagus seeds in South Africa ?
20 Sep 18, Parvesh (South Africa - Summer rainfall climate)
I got mine from Livingseeds. You can order from their website.
28 Aug 18, JENNIFER KELLY (Australia - sub-tropical climate)
I buy my asparagus crowns from Green Harvest who are located in Queensland and sell their products, seeds and edible plants by mail order or if you live near them you can buy in person. They are an organic plant seller.
16 Aug 18, Sofoa (Australia - temperate climate)
Hi, I planted an asparagus plant last year (2017) in July. Cut back the ferns in August this year (2018) and topped with compost. There are a few spears that have come through now. What should I do with them? Should I cut them back or just leave them? Thanks
19 Aug 18, Mike (Australia - sub-tropical climate)
Read up on the internet.
18 Aug 18, Daniel (Australia - temperate climate)
I’m in Melbourne outer east, I have 6 asparagus plants from one and two years old. Only one of the newer plants has spears coming up from about 2 weeks ago. At this stage I’m leaving them to get stronger.
20 Aug 18, Mike (Australia - sub-tropical climate)
From seed to a crown 1.5 to 2
Showing 1 - 10 of 304 comments

I am wanting to relocate some Asparagus plants when is the best time please

- Cheryl

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This planting guide is a general reference intended for home gardeners. We recommend that you take into account your local conditions in making planting decisions. Gardenate is not a farming or commercial advisory service. For specific advice, please contact your local plant suppliers, gardening groups, or agricultural department. The information on this site is presented in good faith, but we take no responsibility as to the accuracy of the information provided.
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