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Growing Asparagus

Jan F M A M J J A S O N Dec
    S   T              

(Best months for growing Asparagus in USA - Zone 5a regions)

S = Plant undercover in seed trays T = Plant out (transplant) seedlings

  • Easy to grow. Plant as crowns. Best planted at soil temperatures between 61°F and 86°F. (Show °C/cm)
  • Space plants: 8 - 16 inches apart
  • Harvest in 2-3 years. Plant 'crowns' to harvest earlier .
  • Compatible with (can grow beside): Parsley, Basil, Nasturtiums, Lettuce
  • Avoid growing close to: Garlic, Onions, and root vegetables
  • Asparagus growing
  • Baby Asparagus Seedlings (approx 6cm/3in) ((c) Liz Hutchinson)

Plant crowns (roots) 20-40cm apart and a few cm (1 inch) deep in well manured soil. The asparagus shoots grow in spring. Harvest the shoots which are bigger than 1-2cm/half-inch in diameter. Leave the rest to grow into the leafy ferns (1.5m/5-6ft tall) which will feed the crowns to give a crop next year. In autumn the ferns will be covered in bright red poisonous berries. Leave the ferns to die down in autumn, then trim off the dead stalks and pile on plenty of rotted manure/compost to give the roots plenty of food to produce new stems in spring.

Harvest by cutting off the stalk, close to the ground. From the third year you can get an additional crop by letting the first lot of ferns grow, then bending down the stalks to break them. A second crop of shoots will grow and can be harvested. Leave subsequent shoots to grow on to ferns. Asparagus does not like continuously wet and warm soil. It grows better where there is a cool or frosty season.

Culinary hints - cooking and eating Asparagus

Steaming is traditional, then coating with melted butter or hollandaise sauce.
Alternatively break in short lengths, and cook quickly in hot oil in a wok and sprinkle with soy sauce or balsamic vinegar.

NOTE: The asparagus berries are poisonous. Only the young shoots are edible.

Your comments and tips

25 Jun 19, dennis leavesley (Australia - temperate climate)
what Fert. do you use on your asparagus
26 Jun 19, (Australia - sub-tropical climate)
Try using composed manure or compost. Any general fert would do. The ferns that have grown the last 6-8 months have put a lot of energy into the crown to supply nutrients for the coming crop.
21 Jun 19, Mike Miller (USA - Zone 9b climate)
can i plant asparagus crowns in June in zone 9 southern california
18 Jun 19, Florence (Australia - arid climate)
We planted our asparagus in summer and although it is winter now, the ferns are still green. There wasn't any berries in autumn, Do we have to cut off the ferns or just leave them to die out?
24 Jun 19, (Australia - sub-tropical climate)
Don't water them from now until late August and then cut them.
05 Jun 19, (Australia - tropical climate)
Thanks Mike. My crowns are at least 5 years old but the spears are not all that thick. I'm just out of Mackay so I dont think I have been giving them enough attention.
07 Jun 19, Mike (Australia - sub-tropical climate)
Good draining soil. Cut old ferns off, early to mid August. Apply some compost 4-6
26 May 19, Kaye (Australia - sub-tropical climate)
I have asparagus plants in garden with shade cloth will this be enough sun They grew well last summer but only the first year
03 Jun 19, Kathryn (Australia - sub-tropical climate)
HI Kaye, I would think they need at least, good morning sun. I have mine in a bed that faces North so they get a decent amount of sun. But are shaded from summer late afternoon sun as here we get over 40 degrees in summer. What density is the shade cloth, 50/70/90?
25 Apr 19, Sean0 Wilson (New Zealand - cool/mountain climate)
When do I cut down my asparagus ferns to prepare the bed for winter? At the moment – still quite lush and green. I’m from Chch.
Showing 1 - 10 of 346 comments

Where in Perth can I buy seedlings or plants to grow Asparagus please?

- Julie Fielder

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This planting guide is a general reference intended for home gardeners. We recommend that you take into account your local conditions in making planting decisions. Gardenate is not a farming or commercial advisory service. For specific advice, please contact your local plant suppliers, gardening groups, or agricultural department. The information on this site is presented in good faith, but we take no responsibility as to the accuracy of the information provided.
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