Growing Artichokes (Globe)

Jan F M A M J J A S O N Dec
  S   P                

(Best months for growing Artichokes (Globe) in USA - Zone 5a regions)

S = Plant undercover in seed trays P = Sow seed

  • Easy to grow. Sow in garden. Sow seed at a depth approximately three times the diameter of the seed. Best planted at soil temperatures between 15°C and 18°C. (Show °F/in)
  • Space plants: 160 - 200 cm apart
  • Harvest in 42-57 weeks.
  • Compatible with (can grow beside): Needs a lot of space. Best in separate bed
  • Ready to harvest
  • Globe artichokes

Superthistles growing to 1.2-1.3m high with a spread of 1.2x1.2m . Very pretty, can be part of a herbacious border.

Harvest from second year. Artichokes grow particularly well in sandy soil. Can be propagated by suckers or offsets. In temperate/warm areas a well fertilised plant will live for about five years and throw up suckers each year. Artichokes aren't hardy enough to overwinter in areas with very cold winters. In cold areas choose a hardy variety from a local supplier and grow it as an annual, with 10 days' exposure to cool daytime temperatures during spring. Transplant only when all danger of frost is past in your area. Aphids and earwigs can be a nuisance.

Culinary hints - cooking and eating Artichokes (Globe)

Pick buds before scales develop brown tips .
If you have lots of small buds, they can be fried in olive oil and eaten whole.
Rinse in plenty of cold water to remove earwigs or other insects.

Your comments and tips

06 Jan 21, Judy (South Africa - Summer rainfall climate)
I planted my artichokes in the wrong place. Can I transplant them at the end of winter while they are dormant? I planted them in Nov 2020
01 Jan 21, Dani (South Africa - Summer rainfall climate)
Must the artichoke plants be covered or cut down in winter, we are in Kempton Park, Gauteng and we do have frost in winter I have 30 plants about 500mm tall and will be trans -planting 40 more seedlings grown from seed in approx 10 days. Regards Dani Pera.
05 Jan 21, Anon (South Africa - Summer rainfall climate)
Read the notes here, harvest 42-57 weeks, so chopping them down or covering them would probably kill them.
12 Dec 20, John Chrystal (USA - Zone 8a climate)
I had 2 of 3 over winter last year with no preparation and enjoyed 3 dozen tennis ball sized bulbs. For this year I started 2 dozen more, half green globe and half purple. 18 survived they went into the ground (French Mound beds) in late July. Now I’m wondering should I feed them and/or mulch them and if so, with what?
14 Dec 20, (USA - Zone 3a climate)
If leaves are rich green colour then they have enough fert, if yellow then apply some general fert. Mulch with anything, have it loose so water can go through it. Only put it on about50-70mm thick.
24 Nov 20, Jack McLeod (South Africa - Summer rainfall climate)
I live in Salem, just outside Grahamstown, summer rainfall and cold winters. Could I grow artichokes.
25 Nov 20, (South Africa - Summer rainfall climate)
Check the monthly planting calendar for SA Summer Rainfall climate zone.
28 Oct 20, Karen Jean (USA - Zone 9b climate)
Can I grow artichoke seed green globe & Purple of Romagna in a plant pot? I have a 14” pot or should I go larger? How many seeds should I plant in one?
28 Oct 20, Anonymous (USA - Zone 10b climate)
Plant Spacing- 160-200cm, 5-7 feet. That is between each plant.
03 Jun 20, Kobus Smal (South Africa - Semi-arid climate)
Will it possible to grow artischokes at the western cape coastline with winter rain falls.
Showing 1 - 10 of 98 comments

Hi. I'm in the Barossa where we have really hot summers up to 45c in Feb and really cold winters. I want to plant seeds I got hold of. When would you suggest I do that. I do have a small green house. Should I use that and when. Thank you so much Maria

- Maria Agenbag

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This planting guide is a general reference intended for home gardeners. We recommend that you take into account your local conditions in making planting decisions. Gardenate is not a farming or commercial advisory service. For specific advice, please contact your local plant suppliers, gardening groups, or agricultural department. The information on this site is presented in good faith, but we take no responsibility as to the accuracy of the information provided.
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