Growing Artichokes (Globe)

Cynara scolymus : Asteraceae / the daisy family

Jan F M A M J J A S O N Dec
  S                    
      T                
      P                

(Best months for growing Artichokes (Globe) in USA - Zone 5a regions)

  • S = Plant undercover in seed trays
  • T = Plant out (transplant) seedlings
  • P = Sow seed
  • Easy to grow. Sow in garden. Sow seed at a depth approximately three times the diameter of the seed. Best planted at soil temperatures between 15°C and 18°C. (Show °F/in)
  • Space plants: 160 - 200 cm apart
  • Harvest in 42-57 weeks.
  • Compatible with (can grow beside): Needs a lot of space. Best in separate bed
  • Ready to harvest
  • Globe artichokes

Superthistles growing to 1.2-1.3m high with a spread of 1.2x1.2m . Very pretty, can be part of a herbacious border.

Harvest from second year. Artichokes grow particularly well in sandy soil. Can be propagated by suckers or offsets. In temperate/warm areas a well fertilised plant will live for about five years and throw up suckers each year. Artichokes aren't hardy enough to overwinter in areas with very cold winters. In cold areas choose a hardy variety from a local supplier and grow it as an annual, with 10 days' exposure to cool daytime temperatures during spring. Transplant only when all danger of frost is past in your area. Aphids and earwigs can be a nuisance.

Culinary hints - cooking and eating Artichokes (Globe)

Pick buds before scales develop brown tips .
If you have lots of small buds, they can be fried in olive oil and eaten whole.
Rinse in plenty of cold water to remove earwigs or other insects.

Your comments and tips

19 Jan 23, Darla Herring (USA - Zone 7a climate)
Hi there, We have chaotic weather here in Amarillo, Tx. 4 degrees one night in winter, 60 the next day. Sometimes we get snow, usually we don't. Some winters seem like spring/summer, some are freezing. Then occasionally we get a serious freeze in April and a storm that blows everybody's metal roof off. I planted an imperial star or green globe artichoke 8 years ago - it has nice-looking pink spiky looking flowers. I can't get rid of it and I can't make it produce any more than 2.5" artichokes that are hard and inedible. We get to 108 occasionally in the summer. Why are artichokes listed as ok for zone 7A? Nobody I know can grow them here. Any advice would be greatly appreciated.
13 Jan 23, Carolyn (Australia - sub-tropical climate)
I live in Brisbane and I have not had success in growing Globe Artichokes in the subtropical climate. Has anyone in SEQ managed to successfully grow them? What are your tips?
11 Jan 23, Sarah Randall (USA - Zone 10a climate)
Will artichoke grow in zon÷ 10a 9b Southwest Florida? Is Feb good fur planting them?
27 Oct 22, Suzanne Van Rensburg (South Africa - Summer rainfall climate)
We farm in the kwa Zulu natal south coast of South Africa. Will artichokes grow in our area ?
02 Aug 22, Claudia De Maria -Gladstone (Australia - sub-tropical climate)
Dear Sirs, I live in Gladstone and now for 2 years I was not able to buy fresh artichokes as Wollworth and Coles do not cater for them. I am Italian and I LOOOOOOVE artichokes which in Sydney I used to buy at all Italian greengrocers, but here is just a dream which is not coming true!!! Is it possible to have some artichokes here in this town?? I will buy a lot as I can also preserve them quite well...but I need them fresh!!! Is anybody answering me?? Cheers. Claudia De Maria
11 Aug 22, (Australia - sub-tropical climate)
If you have a good green grocerier in Gladstone ask him/her.
02 Jul 22, Romina Spyrou (Australia - temperate climate)
Hi I am south of Sydney and I was wondering what do you mean by Bring on in pots pls? I have a bit of success a few years ago then the rain came and wiped out my vegetable garden so will try again
24 Jul 21, Angela Muto (Canada - Zone 5b Temperate Warm Summer climate)
I live in Toronto Ontario can my artichoke plant survive ontario winter
27 Jul 21, Liz (New Zealand - temperate climate)
It will probably die down in the frost, but if you leave one head to go to seed and save some, you can start new plants in the Spring.
26 Jun 21, Heidi (Australia - sub-tropical climate)
I have some globe artichoke seeds and have found mixed information about when to sow seeds in Brisbane, Australia (approx US 9b). Can anyone in similar zones share experience?
Showing 1 - 10 of 113 comments

I live on a sand ridge on the east coast, zone 10a. Can I grow artichokes/horseradish in my sand? Will I have any better luck in pots?

- Helen

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