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Growing Garlic

Jan F M A M J J A S O N Dec
                P P    

(Best months for growing Garlic in USA - Zone 5a regions)

P = Plant cloves

  • Easy to grow. Plant cloves. Best planted at soil temperatures between 50°F and 95°F. (Show °C/cm)
  • Space plants: 4 - 5 inches apart
  • Harvest in 17-25 weeks.
  • Compatible with (can grow beside): Beets, Carrots, Cucumbers, Dill, Tomatoes, Parsnips
  • Avoid growing close to: Asparagus, Beans, Brassicas, Peas, Potatoes
  • Almost ready to harvest
    Almost ready to harvest
  • Garlic cloves
    Garlic cloves
  • Young garlic shoots
    Young garlic shoots

Garlic is traditionally planted in cold weather and harvest in summer ("plant on the shortest day, harvest on the longest"). Plant the cloves (separated from the bulb), point upwards, deep enough to just cover with soil. A fairly tough and easy-growing plant. On better soil with regular watering you will get a better crop. On poorer soil, and forgetting to water them, you will still get some garlic, only not quite so much.

Leave a garlic to go to seed, and you will probably get plenty of self-sown plants the following year.

To keep for later use, dig up and leave to dry out for a day or so after the green shoots die down. To use immediately, pull up a head when you need it, or cut and use the green shoots.

Culinary hints - cooking and eating Garlic

Cut the growing shoots or use the entire young garlic plants as 'garlic greens' in stirfry.

Your comments and tips

08 Dec 17, Ryan (Australia - temperate climate)
Hi, I have recently harvested my garlic and was wondering if it is possible to freeze at least 2 bulbs to plant again next year?
08 Dec 17, Mike (Australia - sub-tropical climate)
I would just let them dry out for a week or so and then store in a cool dry area.
01 Dec 17, Marilyn Mortlock (Australia - temperate climate)
Is it possible to plant garlic in December in Sydney?
03 Dec 17, Mike (Australia - temperate climate)
You sure can plant it now - it just might not grow too well, or not at all. If you read the above about garlic it says plant April to July. There is a reason for that - it is the best time to do it.
30 Nov 17, Thakasile Hlophe (South Africa - Semi-arid climate)
Is possible to plant garlic in Ladysmith Kwa Zulu Natal and if possible when is the right time or season
23 Nov 17, Manju Campbell (New Zealand - temperate climate)
I planted garlic in may and it was so healthy up October and now it get a rust will you please let me know when is the harvesting season .or what shall I do
17 Nov 17, Joe (Australia - temperate climate)
My wife planted garlic late october in frankston victoria will it mature or should we dig it up and wait till april. Thx
20 Nov 17, Mike (Australia - cool/mountain climate)
It does say plant in the Autumn. I would suggest you plant then.
14 Nov 17, Brittney Benèa Byrd (USA - Zone 9a climate)
I live in Zone 9a. Has anyone had any luck planting garlic in zone 9a? I am going to give it my best shot - it's in my refrigerator. Been reading about vernalization. If it would cool off here for any extended length of time I hope to get my cloves planted.
10 Nov 17, Mandi Prinsloo (South Africa - Summer rainfall climate)
Hi there, I stay in Limpopo province. I have some bulbs that have jyst stated sprouting. Can I plant them now?
Showing 1 - 10 of 512 comments

garlic is very forgiving, it would grow if you dropped one on the ground. Garlic is best using some of each crop the following years. it will acclimatise itself to the surroundings and soil type and eventually be top quality stock.alternate location to avoid disease.

- ken cook

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This planting guide is a general reference intended for home gardeners. We recommend that you take into account your local conditions in making planting decisions. Gardenate is not a farming or commercial advisory service. For specific advice, please contact your local plant suppliers, gardening groups, or agricultural department. The information on this site is presented in good faith, but we take no responsibility as to the accuracy of the information provided.
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