Growing Endive

Cichorium endivia : Asteraceae / the daisy family

Jan F M A M J J A S O N Dec
    S S S S            
      T T T T          
      P P P            

(Best months for growing Endive in Australia - tropical regions)

  • S = Plant undercover in seed trays
  • T = Plant out (transplant) seedlings
  • P = Sow seed
  • Easy to grow. Sow in garden. Sow seed at a depth approximately three times the diameter of the seed. Best planted at soil temperatures between 15°C and 25°C. (Show °F/in)
  • Space plants: 20 - 30 cm apart
  • Harvest in 10-11 weeks.
  • Compatible with (can grow beside): beans, brassicas, carrots, cucumbers, chervil, sage.
  • Avoid growing close to: Alliums (garlic and onions)
  • French endive ready for harvest

This is a green leafy plant which looks a bit like a crinkly lettuce. Slightly bitter taste which can enhance a salad bowl but if this is not wanted the bitterness can be removed by blanching. Blanch by tying the leaves together when a rosette begins to form or cover with a large pot for about 3 weeks. Relative of chicory

Best grown in cooler months as hot weather might make it bolt to flower. Keep well watered to reduce bitterness. Water at base as water trapped inside leaves will cause rot.

Culinary hints - cooking and eating Endive

Very tasty topped with grated swiss cheese and grilled for a couple of minutes to crisp up the cheese and wilt the leaves.

Can use in salads additional to lettuce, but needs a flavoursome dressing if you aren't overly fond of bitterness.

Your comments and tips

08 Jul 18, Jane (Australia - sub-tropical climate)
Thnx for the great info on Endives. I didn't know what the endive looked like. I sowed some seed in containers and might plant them out tomorrow so it's great to see their compatability and what they look like. Cheers, Jane
22 Jan 18, Steve Williams (Australia - tropical climate)
I used to live in Sydney and greww Endive very easily, now i live in Cairns and cannot for the life of me get any up and running ? Nor can i buy it from anywhere , even Bunnings , Any info please ? ? Thanks Steve.
23 Jan 18, Mike (Australia - tropical climate)
It says plant April to July in the tropics. Try Eden seeds on the internet for the seeds of Endives.
09 Jun 14, daniel muchiri from kenya (Australia - temperate climate)
is endive grown in kenya?
29 Nov 12, Ian (Australia - temperate climate)
I tried to grow endives only twice here it bunches up like lettuce not like I buy in the shop, I only grow it for the birds they love it. But mine they love ok but does grow big like what I can buy its about 18" high and the turn it in side out prity big bunches but mine as I said like small lettuce what am I doing wrong ?
18 Nov 16, Vanessa Lucas (Australia - temperate climate)
I think you are thinking of Belgian Endive, which is grown by cutting of the first growth which forces the root to produce the pale tight endive you buy in the shops here
30 Nov 16, Ruth (Australia - sub-tropical climate)
Hello Vanessa, I am looking to grow or buy Belgian endives in Brisbane. Do you know of any growers that supply Belgian Endives? Thanks very much.
04 Jan 17, vanessa (Australia - temperate climate)
Sorry Ruth, not sure (I am in Sydney) Good luck though!

Ask a question or post a comment or advice about Endive

Please provide your email address if you are hoping for a reply

All comments are reviewed before displaying on the site, so your posting will not appear immediately

Gardenate App

Put Gardenate in your pocket. Get our app for iPhone, iPad or Android to add your own plants and record your plantings and harvests

Planting Reminders

Join 60,000+ gardeners who already use Gardenate and subscribe to the free Gardenate planting reminders email newsletter.

Home | Vegetables and herbs to plant | Climate zones | About Gardenate | Contact us | Privacy Policy

This planting guide is a general reference intended for home gardeners. We recommend that you take into account your local conditions in making planting decisions. Gardenate is not a farming or commercial advisory service. For specific advice, please contact your local plant suppliers, gardening groups, or agricultural department. The information on this site is presented in good faith, but we take no responsibility as to the accuracy of the information provided.
We cannot help if you are overrun by giant slugs.