Growing Cucumber

Jan F M A M J J A S O N Dec
        P              

(Best months for growing Cucumber in USA - Zone 5a regions)

P = Sow seed

  • Sow in garden. Sow seed at a depth approximately three times the diameter of the seed. Best planted at soil temperatures between 61°F and 95°F. (Show °C/cm)
  • Space plants: 16 - 24 inches apart
  • Harvest in 8-10 weeks. Cut fruit off with scissors or sharp knife.
  • Compatible with (can grow beside): Nasturtiums, Beans, Celery, Lettuce, Sweet Corn, Cabbages, Sunflowers, Coriander, Fennel, Dill, Sunflowers
  • Avoid growing close to: Potato, Tomatoes
  • Cucumbers on plant (commons.wikimedia.org - Rasbak - CC BY-SA 3.0)
  • Young plant
  • Female flower with baby fruit
  • Male flower

Cucumbers can be started in small peat pots then transplanted when weather is suitable. A trailing plant which will grow tendrils as it gets bigger. Lebanese cucumbers are best picked about 10 -12 cm (4 - 5 in) and eaten whole. Gherkins are usually picked 5 or 6 cm (2 - 3 in) long and pickled. They have a prickly skin. Apple cucumbers are round with a pale, almost white, smooth skin.

Grow in full sun. Grow up a trellis or framework to save space and keep the fruit clean. Needs ties to support it at first. Water regularly and fertilise to encourage growth.

Culinary hints - cooking and eating Cucumber

Pick frequently before the fruit become too big.
Use raw in salads, peeled if preferred.

Your comments and tips

25 Aug 20, colleen (USA - Zone 10b climate)
Ignore my current zone, I used to live in central NH so I know your cuke season is brief. To me, nothing beats Chicago Pickling (a cheap and excellent heirloom) unless you have lots of disease challenges in your garden, in which case I'd go with Eureka--not quite as tasty, but vigorous. To get crunchy pickles, pick them small, put them in an ice bath right away and then pickle as soon as possible. For refrigerator pickles, calcium chloride helps keep them crunchy. For fermented (half-sours) you keep them crunchy by cutting off the blossom end of the cuke and adding tannins to the jar, from grape, oak, or horseradish leaves. That might help you with refrigerator pickles too. To me, the hardest part can be getting dill and cukes to be ready at the same time!
23 Aug 20, Nathan (USA - Zone 4a climate)
Wanting to plant cucumbers for pickling next year 2021. Have always bought from another source and would like to do it my self. Want small cucumbers.. any suggestions on which kind? I make refrigerator pickles so want the “Crunch”. Thank you in advance
24 Aug 20, Anonymous (USA - Zone 3b climate)
Google to find a recommended pickling cue.
27 Jul 20, Shannon (USA - Zone 9b climate)
Does anyone know why not to plant close to tomatos? My garden plan has tomatos, sunflowers, and cucumbers vined along my fence. Should I move the tomatoes to where my snap peas will grow and put snap peas where tomatos were going to be?
07 Aug 20, Liz (USA - Zone 9b climate)
Check here https://thehomestead.guru/companion-planting-2/
14 Jun 20, Ann (USA - Zone 6a climate)
Is there a smaller pickling type cucumber that I could plant in a pot with a trellis in the month of June so that I would be able to get at least some cucumbers .
15 May 20, Tracey (USA - Zone 6b climate)
Can cucumbers be planted by berries?
15 May 20, ASHLEY (USA - Zone 9b climate)
Hi, I was curious to know if I could sow/start cucumbers from seed indoors?
18 Apr 20, Stephanie (USA - Zone 8a climate)
This is my first year planting in this zone as I recently moved here. I am used to planting in a much different climate. My other plants in my garden seem to be doing well. However, my cucumbers are dying. Please help!! I plant 2 foot apart. I planted next to green beans and radishes. Are they getting too much water?not enough fertilizer?
27 Mar 20, Eric Peterson (USA - Zone 10a climate)
Hi there! I was wondering why cucumbers shouldn't be grown near tomatoes? Thank you!
Showing 1 - 10 of 18 comments

Wanting to plant cucumbers for pickling next year 2021. Have always bought from another source and would like to do it my self. Want small cucumbers.. any suggestions on which kind? I make refrigerator pickles so want the “Crunch”. Thank you in advance

- Nathan

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This planting guide is a general reference intended for home gardeners. We recommend that you take into account your local conditions in making planting decisions. Gardenate is not a farming or commercial advisory service. For specific advice, please contact your local plant suppliers, gardening groups, or agricultural department. The information on this site is presented in good faith, but we take no responsibility as to the accuracy of the information provided.
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