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Growing Cucumber

Jan F M A M J J A S O N Dec
        P              

(Best months for growing Cucumber in USA - Zone 5a regions)

P = Sow seed

  • Sow in garden. Sow seed at a depth approximately three times the diameter of the seed. Best planted at soil temperatures between 16°C and 35°C. (Show °F/in)
  • Space plants: 40 - 60 cm apart
  • Harvest in 8-10 weeks. Cut fruit off with scissors or sharp knife.
  • Compatible with (can grow beside): Nasturtiums, Beans, Celery, Lettuce, Sweet Corn, Cabbages, Sunflowers, Coriander, Fennel, Dill, Sunflowers
  • Avoid growing close to: Potato, Tomatoes
  • Cucumbers on plant (commons.wikimedia.org - Rasbak - CC BY-SA 3.0)
  • Young plant
  • Female flower with baby fruit
  • Male flower

Cucumbers can be started in small peat pots then transplanted when weather is suitable. A trailing plant which will grow tendrils as it gets bigger. Lebanese cucumbers are best picked about 10 -12 cm (4 - 5 in) and eaten whole. Gherkins are usually picked 5 or 6 cm (2 - 3 in) long and pickled. They have a prickly skin. Apple cucumbers are round with a pale, almost white, smooth skin.

Grow in full sun. Grow up a trellis or framework to save space and keep the fruit clean. Needs ties to support it at first. Water regularly and fertilise to encourage growth.

Culinary hints - cooking and eating Cucumber

Pick frequently before the fruit become too big.
Use raw in salads, peeled if preferred.

Your comments and tips

08 Nov 18, Marilyn (Australia - temperate climate)
What is the best variety of cuumber to grow on a trellis the position has full morning sun
13 Nov 18, Mike (Australia - sub-tropical climate)
I have just grown crystal apple cuies - a lot better taste than the green ones I believe. Available Boondie seeds.
13 Nov 18, Mike (Australia - sub-tropical climate)
Try any variety. Prefer all day sun.
02 Nov 18, Sue (Australia - temperate climate)
Would 1/1.5 metres be too close to climbing tomato plant
04 Nov 18, Mike (Australia - sub-tropical climate)
I read about 2.5-3 m is a good distance to separate incompatible plants. Also if planting tomatoes N-S then if close, they may create a lot of shade for the cues, restricting their growth possibly.
31 Oct 18, Wally Harper (Australia - temperate climate)
I have just planted Apple Cucumbers and have flowers on them, do I need to stake these up or do they grow laying on soil, thanks
01 Nov 18, Mike (Australia - sub-tropical climate)
You can go either way. If on the ground put some mulch/grass clippings on the soil. If short of room trellis them - some wire/mesh on 45-60 degree angle. I've been picking mine for the last 2-3 weeks. I now have a second flush of cuies growing. About 20 each time from 2 plants. Gee they taste good.
18 Oct 18, Steve (Australia - temperate climate)
I planted some cucumber seedlings the other day and 3 of them have died I have kept the water up when it hasn’t rained any ideas why they died???
22 Oct 18, Mike (Australia - sub-tropical climate)
Probably too much water. When planting seedlings protect them from the sun (more so in the hotter months). I use a frame with shade cloth on it for a week or so. I also do this with seeds planted in the ground.
07 Oct 18, Greg (Australia - temperate climate)
Can I plant tomatoes and cucumbers together? This seasons tomato bed has a trellis and our cucumbers have been terrific since growing them on a trellis.
Showing 1 - 10 of 358 comments

Cucumbers often produce male flowers early in the season before they start to produce female (cucumber) flowers. The male flowers have a longer stem and do not have the unformed cucumber at the base of the flower. I'd say, give them a bit more time.

- John

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This planting guide is a general reference intended for home gardeners. We recommend that you take into account your local conditions in making planting decisions. Gardenate is not a farming or commercial advisory service. For specific advice, please contact your local plant suppliers, gardening groups, or agricultural department. The information on this site is presented in good faith, but we take no responsibility as to the accuracy of the information provided.
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