Growing Brussels sprouts

Brassica sp. : Brassicaceae / the mustard or cabbage family

Jan F M A M J J A S O N Dec
    S                  
        T              
        P              

(Best months for growing Brussels sprouts in USA - Zone 5a regions)

  • S = Plant undercover in seed trays
  • T = Plant out (transplant) seedlings
  • P = Sow seed
  • Grow in seed trays, and plant out in 4-6 weeks. Sow seed at a depth approximately three times the diameter of the seed. Best planted at soil temperatures between 45°F and 86°F. (Show °C/cm)
  • Space plants: 18 - 24 inches apart
  • Harvest in 14-28 weeks. Pick sprouts when small. .
  • Compatible with (can grow beside): Dwarf (bush) beans, beets, celery, cucumber, onions, marigold, nasturtium, rhubarb, aromatic herbs (sage, dill, chamomile)
  • Avoid growing close to: Climbing (pole) beans, tomato, peppers (chili, capsicum), eggplant (aubergine), strawberry, mustard
  • Mature brussels sprouts
  • Young plant (CC BY-SA 3.0 WikiMedia)

Grown for its small (typically 2.5 cm diameter) leafy green buds, which resemble miniature cabbages.

Suited to growing in cooler climates.

Brussel Sprouts will not grow good "sprouts" in warm areas - they open and are floppy.

In warm areas they are likely to become infested with aphids. Pick formed sprouts from the bottom of the stems leaving the plant growing. For winter use in very cold areas, dig up plants that have heads developed and set close together in a cold frame or cellar. Pack soil firmly round the roots. Keep cool but not freezing and they will continue to mature. (Planning an Idaho Vegetable Garden: Educational Communication online Publishing Catalog Gardening www. cals.uidaho.edu/ edComm/catalog.asp.)

Culinary hints - cooking and eating Brussels sprouts

Remove any discoloured outer leaves.
Cut in half and steam with other vegetables.
Do not overcook as that produces the distinctive smell that puts people off eating Brussels sprouts!
They go well with a chopped tomato and onion mix.
Traditionally served with roasted chestnuts for Xmas dinner in UK.

Your comments and tips

10 Sep 23, Janna Wallace (USA - Zone 8b climate)
I’m planting Brussel sprouts now from seed in zone 8B for the first time, any suggestions?
14 Sep 23, Anonymous (USA - Zone 8b climate)
Plant in Feb as the guide says.
26 Apr 23, Lynda (USA - Zone 8b climate)
I am a first time gardener with brussels sprouts. I live in zone 8B in Texas. We are at the end of April and the Google play said I can still direct sow the seeds and get a crop. Is this true?
08 May 23, Anonymous (Australia - sub-tropical climate)
Plant now. It's worth a try.
27 Nov 22, Donald Herster Green (USA - Zone 6b climate)
when to put out brussel sprout transplants in zone 6b
21 Mar 23, GodsChild17 (USA - Zone 9a climate)
You need to go to the top of this page and where it says zone click that and it’s a drop down menu and select your zone
03 May 22, kathy (USA - Zone 9a climate)
I planted my brussel sprouts in the fall and they haven't produced any brussel sprouts, only stalk and leaves. They are still in the ground. I used 8-8-8 fertilizer. Do I need to use a different fertilizer?
05 May 22, Anonymous (USA - Zone 9a climate)
Gardenate advises plant in SEPT. They need cool or cold weather for best results.
06 Feb 22, Novene Manley (USA - Zone 8b climate)
First time growing Brussel Sprouts. Is it o.k. to cut off the larger outer leaves if they are yellowed or otherwise damaged? Will that affect the sprouts in any way?
21 Mar 23, GodsChild17 (USA - Zone 9a climate)
Did you read this article? It said yes we should absolutely cut off any discolored or damaged leaves, the same goes with EVERY plant in the garden. The reason is because the plant will focus all of its energy on trying to fix its damaged leaves so you should avoid it wasting energy like that and chop them off!!! You want the plant to focus ALL of its energy on growing the actual fruits or whatever it’s supposed to grow.
Showing 1 - 10 of 38 comments

when should brussel sprouts be seeded for spring planting

- Donald Green

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This planting guide is a general reference intended for home gardeners. We recommend that you take into account your local conditions in making planting decisions. Gardenate is not a farming or commercial advisory service. For specific advice, please contact your local plant suppliers, gardening groups, or agricultural department. The information on this site is presented in good faith, but we take no responsibility as to the accuracy of the information provided.
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