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Growing Kale, also Borecole

(Brassica oleracea sp.)

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
    S S T T            

(Best months for planting Kale in Australia - sub-tropical regions)

S = Plant undercover in seed trays. T = Plant out (transplant) seedlings.


  • Easy to grow. Grow in seed trays, and plant out in 4-6 weeks. Sow seed at a depth approximately three times the diameter of the seed. Best planted at soil temperatures between 8°C and 30°C. (Show °F/in)
  • Space plants: 50 - 100 cm apart
  • Harvest in 7-9 weeks.
  • Compatible with (can grow in same bed): Dwarf (bush) beans, beets, celery, cucumber, onions, marigold, nasturtium, rhubarb, aromatic herbs (sage, dill, camomile)
  • Avoid growing in same bed: Climbing (pole) beans, tomato, peppers (chilli, capsicum), eggplant (aubergine), strawberry, mustard
  • A seedling Cavalo Nero
  • Cavalo Nero
  • Scotch kale

Green leafy plant. Kale is a good addition or substitute for cabbage varieties. Cavalo Nero can be grown in slightly smaller spacing.

Very winter hardy. Flavour is improved by frost. Ornamental varieties are colourful, and edible. Rotate with other crops to avoid clubroot infection.

Culinary hints - cooking and eating Kale

Strong flavoured and nutritious vegetable.
Wash well and chop finely then steam.
A tomato or cheese sauce will mask the flavour if too strong.


Your comments and tips

22 Nov 14, Bec (Australia - cool/mountain climate)
My curl kale plants have been in the ground for a month, they have grown well but are trying to flower already. I wanted them to last the summer. Should I pull them out?
17 Sep 14, Mỹthanh Nguyễn (Australia - tropical climate)
Where I can buy kale seeds ?
21 Sep 14, Jason Little (Australia - tropical climate)
I came across a real winner - check eBay store "items2buy4". Australian based; all my seeds have sprouted and the Red Kale is absolutely flying along.
06 Aug 14, sean (Australia - cool/mountain climate)
i have 10 acres in Gisborne, Victoria and want to utilise 5 acres for growing a crop for added income, is this possible do you think with kale? How much does it sell for?
01 Sep 14, MC (Australia - arid climate)
I tried to buy Kale everyday last week and it was always sold out, so maybe a winner crop for you
03 May 14, DARREN J (Australia - sub-tropical climate)
Hi all to anyone growing kale for the first time the only thing II have found that will prevent you from having a healthy on going crop will be the dreaded white cabbage moth.. Igrow mine in drums with netting that way no other insects or pests will upset them. keeping pests of once and for all will prevent any need for any type of sprays or chemicals good luck
19 Apr 14, ray (Australia - sub-tropical climate)
Hi my name is ray and im wondering is cavola nero kale a continous pick again plant.
27 Apr 14, Laura (Australia - arid climate)
Hi Ray, Thats how I eat my Cavalo Nero. Last time I grew it was in pots in Auckland New Zealand. I kept same plants going for about 6 months + while picking outer leaves for my smoothies. I also grew dinosaur kale and harvested this way. Just planted some kale in my western QLD garden today from seedlings, will be very interested to see if it grows in the heat.
24 Mar 14, kian collins (Australia - sub-tropical climate)
what is the ph for the plant
01 May 14, Travis Edwards (Australia - temperate climate)
most of the brassicas prefer a well limed soil so between 6.5 and 7.5 they normally grow well
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This planting guide is a general reference intended for home gardeners. We recommend that you take into account your local conditions in making planting decisions. Gardenate is not a farming or commercial advisory service. For specific advice, please contact your local plant suppliers, gardening groups, or agricultural department. The information on this site is presented in good faith, but we take no responsibility as to the accuracy of the information provided.

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