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Growing Kale, also Borecole

(Brassica oleracea sp.)

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
    S S T T            

(Best months for planting Kale in Australia - sub-tropical regions)

S = Plant undercover in seed trays. T = Plant out (transplant) seedlings.


  • Easy to grow. Grow in seed trays, and plant out in 4-6 weeks. Sow seed at a depth approximately three times the diameter of the seed. Best planted at soil temperatures between 8°C and 30°C. (Show °F/in)
  • Space plants: 50 - 100 cm apart
  • Harvest in 7-9 weeks.
  • Compatible with (can grow in same bed): Dwarf (bush) beans, beets, celery, cucumber, onions, marigold, nasturtium, rhubarb, aromatic herbs (sage, dill, camomile)
  • Avoid growing in same bed: Climbing (pole) beans, tomato, peppers (chilli, capsicum), eggplant (aubergine), strawberry, mustard
  • A seedling Cavalo Nero
  • Cavalo Nero
  • Scotch kale

Green leafy plant. Kale is a good addition or substitute for cabbage varieties. Cavalo Nero can be grown in slightly smaller spacing.

Very winter hardy. Flavour is improved by frost. Ornamental varieties are colourful, and edible. Rotate with other crops to avoid clubroot infection.

Culinary hints - cooking and eating Kale

Strong flavoured and nutritious vegetable.
Wash well and chop finely then steam.
A tomato or cheese sauce will mask the flavour if too strong.


Your comments and tips

19 Apr 14, ray (Australia - sub-tropical climate)
Hi my name is ray and im wondering is cavola nero kale a continous pick again plant.
24 Mar 14, kian collins (Australia - sub-tropical climate)
what is the ph for the plant
22 Mar 14, 1st Time Gardener - Beginner (USA - Zone 7a climate)
I live in Northern VA, US and we have had a abnormal winter. Were almost through March & still expecting snow next week. With that said, I am trying to start a garden for the 1st time ever. I purchased Gardenate to assist me. It says you can direct sow Kale in March (assuming temp is good). Is there anything that I should take into consideration given the sporadic weather? Should I plant indoors?
02 Jan 14, David Scott (Australia - temperate climate)
When is the best time to sow Kale seeds in Sydney thanks in anticipation
17 Feb 14, Robbie (Australia - sub-tropical climate)
David. Start the seeds in seed trays in March. Plant them in the Garden in April/ May. They take a while till they are ready to harvest Spring and Summer. The grubs love them.
22 Nov 13, Lalita (Australia - temperate climate)
I had planted Kale seedlings in my vegetable garden 2 months ago,they have been growing quite slowly until recently. For last 2 days couple of leaves have been beaten and covered with sticky stuff,similar to my cabbage plant leaves closely. I have used pepper,garlic and soap spray today. any ideas what it could be and how dangerous is it? Thanks in advance
29 Dec 13, Prakash (Australia - temperate climate)
The most apparent reason appears to be snails. My spinach had similar symptoms until I eliminated snails hiding in the growth. However, my kale was mostly damaged by caterpillars. I used Yates SUCCESS and it worked particularly when the Cabbage White Butterfly is active laying eggs. The larvae tend to eat up leaves just too quick, snails aren't that fast.
13 Nov 13, Vicki (Australia - cool/mountain climate)
I am also having trouble finding Curly Kale seeds. I tried Bunnings today and there was no sign of them. Is it possible that I will need to get them from the net? and if so where?
18 Nov 13, Richard (Australia - sub-tropical climate)
Hi Vicki, Google " green harvest" they have most everything Richard
02 Feb 14, Jasmin (Australia - sub-tropical climate)
Thanks Richard! Just followed your suggestion and ordered a whole heap from them :)
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This planting guide is a general reference intended for home gardeners. We recommend that you take into account your local conditions in making planting decisions. Gardenate is not a farming or commercial advisory service. For specific advice, please contact your local plant suppliers, gardening groups, or agricultural department. The information on this site is presented in good faith, but we take no responsibility as to the accuracy of the information provided.

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