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Growing Garlic

Jan F M A M J J A S O N Dec
                P P    

(Best months for growing Garlic in USA - Zone 5a regions)

P = Plant cloves

  • Easy to grow. Plant cloves. Best planted at soil temperatures between 50°F and 95°F. (Show °C/cm)
  • Space plants: 4 - 5 inches apart
  • Harvest in 17-25 weeks.
  • Compatible with (can grow beside): Beets, Carrots, Cucumbers, Dill, Tomatoes, Parsnips
  • Avoid growing close to: Asparagus, Beans, Brassicas, Peas, Potatoes
  • Almost ready to harvest
    Almost ready to harvest
  • Garlic cloves
    Garlic cloves
  • Young garlic shoots
    Young garlic shoots

Garlic is traditionally planted in cold weather and harvest in summer ("plant on the shortest day, harvest on the longest"). Plant the cloves (separated from the bulb), point upwards, deep enough to just cover with soil. A fairly tough and easy-growing plant. On better soil with regular watering you will get a better crop. On poorer soil, and forgetting to water them, you will still get some garlic, only not quite so much.

Leave a garlic to go to seed, and you will probably get plenty of self-sown plants the following year.

To keep for later use, dig up and leave to dry out for a day or so after the green shoots die down. To use immediately, pull up a head when you need it, or cut and use the green shoots.

Culinary hints - cooking and eating Garlic

Cut the growing shoots or use the entire young garlic plants as 'garlic greens' in stirfry.

Your comments and tips

17 Nov 17, Joe (Australia - temperate climate)
My wife planted garlic late october in frankston victoria will it mature or should we dig it up and wait till april. Thx
14 Nov 17, Brittney Benèa Byrd (USA - Zone 9a climate)
I live in Zone 9a. Has anyone had any luck planting garlic in zone 9a? I am going to give it my best shot - it's in my refrigerator. Been reading about vernalization. If it would cool off here for any extended length of time I hope to get my cloves planted.
10 Nov 17, Mandi Prinsloo (South Africa - Summer rainfall climate)
Hi there, I stay in Limpopo province. I have some bulbs that have jyst stated sprouting. Can I plant them now?
02 Nov 17, Beryl (Australia - sub-tropical climate)
I had a bulb I bought and the cloves istarted to shoot, I just decided to break them off and plant them, I put them only a few Center meters apart, I had forgotten I had planted them, and about a month ago thought it was grass, was going to pull them out, a neighbour said it looks like either garlic or onion, so left them there, not long after I remembered what I had done. Now I have sooo many leaves come up. Now I want to know when do I ‘pick’ them??? Exciting
05 Nov 17, Dale (Australia - sub-tropical climate)
I planted organic purple garlic in March this year and pulled them up at the end of September, They take around 8 months, but mine looked like the leaves were all dying,so out they came....and then all the rain and flooding came ,so it was the right time, They are well worth planting as they don't need much attention...just don't over water them as they may rot.
03 Nov 17, Mike (Australia - sub-tropical climate)
Google " How to grow Garlic". Will tell you how long from planting to harvest.
01 Nov 17, Achmat shabodien (South Africa - Semi-arid climate)
Planted garlic 6/6/17 the picture are what they look like now what is the next step . Appr some advice.thanks....area is Cape Town RSA
27 Sep 17, tammy pillay (South Africa - Semi-arid climate)
can i grow garlic in albert fall pietermaritzburg kwazulu natal area
19 Sep 17, Fred (Australia - temperate climate)
If I harvest my garlic cloves in October can I store them til planting in April
09 Nov 17, Dale (Australia - sub-tropical climate)
Yes. Make sure they are healthy and are a good size.
Showing 1 - 10 of 505 comments

As the garlic profile says above, planting time was autumn. Pay attention to the saying: "Plant on the shortest day and harvest on the longest".

- Tony

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This planting guide is a general reference intended for home gardeners. We recommend that you take into account your local conditions in making planting decisions. Gardenate is not a farming or commercial advisory service. For specific advice, please contact your local plant suppliers, gardening groups, or agricultural department. The information on this site is presented in good faith, but we take no responsibility as to the accuracy of the information provided.
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