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Growing Garlic

Jan F M A M J J A S O N Dec
                P P    

(Best months for growing Garlic in USA - Zone 5a regions)

P = Plant cloves

  • Easy to grow. Plant cloves. Best planted at soil temperatures between 10°C and 35°C. (Show °F/in)
  • Space plants: 10 - 12 cm apart
  • Harvest in 17-25 weeks.
  • Compatible with (can grow beside): Beets, Carrots, Cucumbers, Dill, Tomatoes, Parsnips
  • Avoid growing close to: Asparagus, Beans, Brassicas, Peas, Potatoes
  • Almost ready to harvest
    Almost ready to harvest
  • Garlic cloves
    Garlic cloves
  • Young garlic shoots
    Young garlic shoots

Garlic is traditionally planted in cold weather and harvest in summer ("plant on the shortest day, harvest on the longest"). Plant the cloves (separated from the bulb), point upwards, deep enough to just cover with soil. A fairly tough and easy-growing plant. On better soil with regular watering you will get a better crop. On poorer soil, and forgetting to water them, you will still get some garlic, only not quite so much.

Leave a garlic to go to seed, and you will probably get plenty of self-sown plants the following year.

To keep for later use, dig up and leave to dry out for a day or so after the green shoots die down. To use immediately, pull up a head when you need it, or cut and use the green shoots.

Culinary hints - cooking and eating Garlic

Cut the growing shoots or use the entire young garlic plants as 'garlic greens' in stirfry.

Your comments and tips

27 Sep 17, tammy pillay (South Africa - Semi-arid climate)
can i grow garlic in albert fall pietermaritzburg kwazulu natal area
19 Sep 17, Fred (Australia - temperate climate)
If I harvest my garlic cloves in October can I store them til planting in April
13 Sep 17, Saffron (Australia - temperate climate)
I have planted garlic 4 weeks ago I water them everyday, Prior to planting I seperate cloves, I'm wondering when they'll be ready ? It is getting into warmer weather here around 17-23 degrees everyday. Also the green leaves have become soft and are no longer upright they're so soft and floppy.
14 Sep 17, Patrick (Australia - temperate climate)
I think Garlic takes a lot longer than 4 weeks to be ready (i think closer to 6 months)
17 Sep 17, Tony (Australia - cool/mountain climate)
As the garlic profile says above, planting time was autumn. Pay attention to the saying: "Plant on the shortest day and harvest on the longest".
26 Aug 17, Alan (Australia - temperate climate)
Planted garlic in June in pots and in vege patch. All plants growing well until 2 weeks ago when I started noticing yellowing of leaves any remedies please
28 Aug 17, Mike (Australia - sub-tropical climate)
"Yellow tips are such a common garlic phenomenon that many consider it “normal.” They can be caused by any number of stressors: a hard winter, a warm spell followed by a freezing spell, mild nutrient deficiencies or imbalances, too much or too little water; a little of this and that. I don’t worry about yellow tips. My garlics usually get them. Everything I read says that unless they are extreme, yields should not be affected. However, yellow stripes, splotches, speckles, leaf curl, thickened leaves, purple veins, or other abnormalities indicate something more serious is going on: soil deficiencies, insect infestations, fungal growth." Google and read up about it.
28 Aug 17, Darren (Australia - temperate climate)
If the leaves are yellowing, and look like they are dying, it is possible your garlic is ready.
25 Aug 17, Nico (South Africa - Semi-arid climate)
I would like to know in very dry and hot climates will garlic produce if irrigated and how much water does a garlic plant needs
23 Aug 17, Lois (South Africa - Summer rainfall climate)
Can I grow garlic near Mooi River in the Natal Midland [ Dec and Jan ave temps 27 deg and 26 deg C] We have frost in winter. Coldest month is June [ave temp 14 deg C] Should it be grown in tunnels or would shade houses suffice? We sometimes experience hail storms. ]
Showing 1 - 10 of 497 comments

If the leaves are yellowing, and look like they are dying, it is possible your garlic is ready.

- Darren

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This planting guide is a general reference intended for home gardeners. We recommend that you take into account your local conditions in making planting decisions. Gardenate is not a farming or commercial advisory service. For specific advice, please contact your local plant suppliers, gardening groups, or agricultural department. The information on this site is presented in good faith, but we take no responsibility as to the accuracy of the information provided.
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