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Growing Cabbage

Jan F M A M J J A S O N Dec
    S P     P P P      

(Best months for growing Cabbage in USA - Zone 5a regions)

S = Plant undercover in seed trays P = Sow seed

  • Easy to grow. Grow in seed trays, and plant out in 4 weeks. Sow seed at a depth approximately three times the diameter of the seed. Best planted at soil temperatures between 41°F and 64°F. (Show °C/cm)
  • Space plants: 20 - 30 inches apart
  • Harvest in 11-15 weeks.
  • Compatible with (can grow beside): Dwarf (bush) beans, beets, celery, cucumber, onions, marigold, nasturtium, rhubarb, aromatic herbs (sage, dill, chamomile, thyme)
  • Avoid growing close to: Climbing (pole) beans, tomato, peppers (chili, capsicum), eggplant (aubergine), strawberry, mustard, parsnip
  • Winter cabbage
    Winter cabbage

There are many varieties of cabbage.

Those which stand winter weather usually have darker leaves and a stronger flavour, e.g. Savoy Red cabbage is grown in a similar way to green varieties.

If you choose a selection of types you can have cabbage growing all year round in temperate zones.

Culinary hints - cooking and eating Cabbage

Young spring cabbage can be chopped and added to salad greens.
Steaming preserves the goodness and flavour of cabbage.
Can also be used in stir-fry.
Red cabbage chopped and cooked with brown sugar, red wine, onions, vinegar and stock is served with boiled bacon or pork.

Your comments and tips

20 Oct 17, Linda (South Africa - Summer rainfall climate)
Dear Sir/Men how can I make the soil to be good for cabbage I'm interested.I'm in Eastern Cape who can advice me in my province there's life on ploughing (growing?) vegetables. When I retired I want plough (grow?) a lot of cabbages.
02 Oct 17, rhonda (Australia - cool/mountain climate)
Hello, I live in Nerriga near Braidwood, New South Wales and have had a failure with my cabbage and cauliflower crops. I grew them in a large igloo covered with cloth (with holes) and our temperature here goes to -7 Centigrade. My cabbages and cauliflowers grew lovely for a while then no hearts in the cabbages and no cauli in the cauliflowers. Only leaves. I gave them sea sol often and watered regularly. Not sure how much water they wanted. They did freeze a few times but went back to normal as the day progressed. Can you help for next time? Thankyou. Kind Regards, Rhonda Richards
04 Oct 17, Mike (Australia - sub-tropical climate)
I live in a totally different climate to you. I'm having trouble growing savoy cabbage - probably planting too late and probably too rich a soil and too much water. I have savoy now, been growing for about 10 weeks or more and lots of leaves and little head. Same happened last year. The year before I had great Savoy. We have had very warm winters - in the last month temps have gone from 6-9 at night and mid 20's in the day to 14-18 at night and high 20's and even records of 34 last week in the day. I would suggest prepare your soil well - compost and fert or whatever you use and then plant the plants - don't fert again. Little plants need regular watering but when they become larger cut the watering back to each second or third day - I will have to remember to take my own advice next year.
21 Aug 17, Alex Little (Australia - temperate climate)
Why should you avoid growing beans next to cabbages?
22 Aug 17, Mike (Australia - temperate climate)
Website - sustainable gardening Australia says beans are good neighbors of cabbage. It also says don't grow beans next to beetroot - and I have that happening - all going good so far. Most to do with similar diseases etc. Read up about companion planting. Sometimes it works sometimes not.
20 May 17, Sandra Sidietigerqueen (Australia - sub-tropical climate)
When would be the right time to grow cabbges. In rockhampton QLD.
22 May 17, Giovanni (Australia - temperate climate)
June, July and August would be good months to plant cabbage seedlings in your area.
24 Apr 17, Hans Kaderli (South Africa - Semi-arid climate)
Is it possible to plant cabbage on cabbage if you have a good pest and desease programme in place. This is for large scale 6ha..
25 Apr 17, John (Australia - temperate climate)
It is not a good idea to replant cabbages in the same soil that you have just harvested cabbages from. The risk from soil-borne diseases and nutrient deficiencies would be the main problem. You would also be creating a continuous feast for insect pests. You would be better to have at least another crop in between, say pumpkins for autumn harvest, then replant cabbages after manuring the soil. This would reduce the insect pest problem as you would be growing them in the cooler months when there are not as many insects about. Zucchinis/courgettes would be another high yielding crop you could grow.
01 Apr 17, Kathi (Australia - sub-tropical climate)
How well do Wombok cabbage (Chinese cabbage) grow in Sub tropical climate? Any special requirement?
Showing 1 - 10 of 123 comments

Chinese cabbage generally likes cooler conditions but can be planted in August and September in sub-tropical climates. Sow the seed directly into the ground and thin or transplant seedlings. Germination is fairly quick .

- Giovanni

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This planting guide is a general reference intended for home gardeners. We recommend that you take into account your local conditions in making planting decisions. Gardenate is not a farming or commercial advisory service. For specific advice, please contact your local plant suppliers, gardening groups, or agricultural department. The information on this site is presented in good faith, but we take no responsibility as to the accuracy of the information provided.
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